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SKU:PA2232
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-AIF Antibody
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial(AIFM1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-AIF Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2232)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-13116|sc-390619|sc-55519|sc-5586|sc-9416|sc-9417 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Predicted Species Hamster

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P), IHC(F) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human AIF(596-613aa EQHEDLNEVAKLFNIHED), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name AIFM1
Protein Name Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial
Molecular Weight 66901 MW
Protein Function Functions both as NADH oxidoreductase and as regulator of apoptosis. In response to apoptotic stimuli, it is released from the mitochondrion intermembrane space into the cytosol and to the nucleus, where it functions as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway. In contrast, functions as an antiapoptotic factor in normal mitochondria via its NADH oxidoreductase activity. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e. caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA. Interacts with EIF3G,and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates casapse-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase- independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner. .
Tissue Specificity Detected in muscle and skin fibroblasts (at protein level). Isoform 5 is frequently down-regulated in human cancers. .
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase family.
Subcellular Localization Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Proteolytic cleavage during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) results in the formation of an inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, further proteolytic processing leads to a mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis. Colocalizes with EIF3G in the nucleus and perinuclear region.
Uniprot ID O95831
Alternative Names Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial;1.1.1.-;Programmed cell death protein 8;AIFM1;AIF, PDCD8;
Research Areas |cell biology|apoptosis|nucleus|chromatin condensation| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|cell cycle|nuclear| cancer|invasion/microenvironment| metabolism|pathways and processes|redox metabolism|oxidative stress|metabolism processes|cell death|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial

Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial, also known as AIF or PDCD8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AIFM1 gene. AIFM1 gene is mapped to Xq26.1 based on an alignment of the AIFM1 sequence with the genomic sequence. This gene encodes a flavoprotein essential for nuclear disassembly in apoptotic cells, and it is found in the mitochondrial intermembrane space in healthy cells. Induction of apoptosis results in the translocation of this protein to the nucleus where it affects chromosome condensation and fragmentation. In addition, this gene product induces mitochondria to release the apoptogenic proteins cytochrome c and caspase-9. Mutations in this gene cause combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 6, which results in a severe mitochondrial encephalomyopathy. A related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 10.

Anti-AIF Antibody Images

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Anti-AIF Antibody
Anti-AIF antibody, PA2232, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Lung Cancer Tissue
Anti-AIF Antibody
Anti-AIF antibody, PA2232, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Rat Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Anti-AIF Antibody
Anti-AIF antibody, PA2232, Western blotting
Lane 1: Rat Heart Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: K562 Cell Lysate
Lane 4: HEPG2 Cell Lysate
Lane 5: A431 Cell Lysate
Lane 6: NIH3T3 Cell Lysate
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Publications

Feng T, Liu Y, Li C, Li Z. Cell Biochem Biophys. 2015 Jan;71(1):345-51. Doi: 10.1007/S12013-014-0204-1. Protective Effects Of Nigranoic Acid On Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury And Its Mechanism Involving Apoptotic Signaling Pathway.

FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: One other very common name is apoptosis inducing factor antibody