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SKU:PA1519
Pack Size:100μg/vial
Sample Size:30ug for $99, contact us for details
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-Calmodulin Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA1519
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Calmodulin(CALM1&CALM2&CALM3) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-Calmodulin Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1519)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-10720|sc-74555|sc-74554 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Predicted Species Hamster

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application IHC, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human Calmodulin(119-136aa DEEVDEMIREADIDGDGQ), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name CALM1
Protein Name Calmodulin(CaM)
Molecular Weight 16838 MW
Protein Function Calmodulin mediates the control of a large number of enzymes, ion channels, aquaporins and other proteins by Ca(2+). Among the enzymes to be stimulated by the calmodulin-Ca(2+) complex are a number of protein kinases and phosphatases. Together with CCP110 and centrin, is involved in a genetic pathway that regulates the centrosome cycle and progression through cytokinesis. .
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the calmodulin family.
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle . Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole . Distributed throughout the cell during interphase, but during mitosis becomes dramatically localized to the spindle poles and the spindle microtubules.
Uniprot ID P62158
Alternative Names Calmodulin;CaM;CALM1;CALM, CAM, CAM1;CALM2;CAM2, CAMB;CALM3;CALML2, CAM3, CAMC, CAMIII;
Research Areas signal transduction|signaling pathway|calcium signaling|calmodulin pathway|cardiovascular|atherosclerosis|apoptosis|heart|cardiac metabolism|cancer|cancer metabolism|metabolic signaling pathway|metabolism of carbohydrates|pathways and processes|metabolic signaling pathways|carbohydrate metabolism|types of disease|heart disease|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Calmodulin(CaM)

Calmodulin, calcium-modulated protein, is a calcium-binding protein expressed in all eukaryotic cells. It can bind to and regulate a number of different protein targets, thereby affecting many different cellular functions. Calmodulin mediates processes such as inflammation, metabolism, apoptosis, smooth muscle contraction, intracellular movement, short-term and long-term memory, nerve growth and the immune response. Calmodulin is expressed in many cell types and can have different subcellular locations, including the cytoplasm, within organelles, or associated with the plasma or organelle membranes. Many of the proteins that Calmodulin binds are unable to bind calcium themselves, and as such use Calmodulin as a calcium sensor and signal transducer. Calmodulin can also make use of the calcium stores in the endoplasmic reticulum, and the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Calmodulin undergoes a conformational change upon binding to calcium, which enables it to bind to specific proteins for a specific response. Calmodulin can bind up to four calcium ions, and can undergo post-translational modifications, such as phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation and proteolytic cleavage, each of which has potential to modulate its actions. Calmodulin can also bind to edema factor toxin from the anthrax bacteria. Calmodulin is the archetype of the family of calcium-modulated proteins of which nearly 20 members have been found. Calmodulin contains 149 amino acids and has 4 calcium-binding domains. Its functions include roles in growth and the cell cycle as well as in signal transduction and the synthesis and release of neurotransmitters. Three calmodulin genes(CALM1, CALM2, and CALM3) map to chromosomes 14q24-q31, 2p21.1-p21.3, and 19q13.2-q13.3, respectively.

Anti-Calmodulin Antibody Images

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Anti-Calmodulin Antibody
Anti-Calmodulin antibody, PA1519, Western blotting
Lane 1: A549 Cell Lysate
Lane 2: HT1080 Cell Lysate
Anti-Calmodulin Antibody
Anti-Calmodulin antibody, PA1519, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Rectal Cancer Tissue
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to calmodulin antibody, cam antibody