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SKU:PB9064
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:WB
Price: $240.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-CCL4/MIP-1 beta Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PB9064
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for C-C motif chemokine 4(CCL4) detection. Tested with WB in Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-CCL4/MIP-1 beta Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PB9064)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-135572|sc-130884|sc-26973 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Rat
Application WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen E.coli-derived rat CCL4 recombinant protein (Position: A24-N92). Rat CCL4 shares 80% and 86% amino acid (aa) sequences identity with human and mouse CCL4, respectively.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name Ccl4
Protein Name C-C motif chemokine 4
Molecular Weight 10234 MW
Protein Function Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties.
Subcellular Localization Secreted.
Uniprot ID P50230
Alternative Names C-C motif chemokine 4;Macrophage inflammatory protein 1-beta;MIP-1-beta;Small-inducible cytokine A4;Ccl4;Mip1b, Scya4;
Research Areas |immunology|innate immunity|macrophage / inflamm.| immunology|chemokines|beta chemokines (cc)| kits/ lysates/ other|elisa kits|cytokines and cytokine receptors elisa kits|immune system diseases|antiviral signaling|hiv-related|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for C-C motif chemokine 4

Chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 4, also known as CCL4, is a protein which in human is encoded by the CCL4 gene. By analysis of somatic cell hybrids and by in situ hybridization, the CCL4 gene was assigned to 17q21-q23. It is a CC chemokine with specificity for CCR5 receptors. It is a chemoattractant for natural killer cells, monocytes and a variety of other immune cells. CCL4 is a major HIV-suppressive factor produced by CD8+ T cells. Performing-low memory CD8+ T cells that normally synthesize CCL4. Based on functional analysis of CCL4, one or more additional beta chemokine receptors that transduce CCL4 signals must also exist. MIP-1alpha and CCL4 have been shown to lack affinity for the erythrocyte surface chemokine receptor/Duffy antigen that binds many alpha as well as beta chemokines(11, 14).

Anti-CCL4/MIP-1 beta Antibody Images

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Anti-CCL4/MIP-1 beta Antibody
Anti-CCL4 Picoband antibody, PB9064-1.jpg
All lanes: Anti-CCL4(PB9064) at 0.5ug/ml
WB: Recombinant Rat CCL4 Protein 0.5ng
Predicted bind size: 36KD
Observed bind size: 36KD
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.