Anti-Cystathionase/CTH Antibody


SKU PA1646
Size 100μg/vial
Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat
Clonality Polyclonal
Host Rabbit
Ig Isotype N/A
Applications IHC-P, ICC, WB

Overview

Product Name Anti-Cystathionase/CTH Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA1646
Storage & Handling At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Size 100μg/vial
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Cystathionine gamma-lyase(CTH) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-Cystathionase/CTH Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1646)
Host Rabbit
Contents/Buffer Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
Form Lyophilized
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence in the middle region of human Cystathionase(112-131aa DVYGGTNRYFRQVASEFGLK), different from the related rat and mouse sequences by two amino acids.
Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat

Assay Details

Assay Dilutions Overview

Concentration: Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Immunocytochemistry , 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, -
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse

Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits

The following reagents are used to generate the images below.

Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P) and ICC.

Images And Assay Conditions

Figure 1. IHC analysis of CTH using anti-CTH antibody (PA1646).
CTH was detected in paraffin-embedded section of rat liver tissues. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed in citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution) for 20 mins. The tissue section was blocked with 10% goat serum. The tissue section was then incubated with 1μg/ml rabbit anti-CTH Antibody (PA1646) overnight at 4°C. Biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody and incubated for 30 minutes at 37°C. The tissue section was developed using Strepavidin-Biotin-Complex (SABC)(Catalog # SA1022) with DAB as the chromogen.

Figure 2. IHC analysis of CTH using anti-CTH antibody (PA1646).
CTH was detected in immunocytochemical section of SMMC-7721 cell. Enzyme antigen retrieval was performed using IHC enzyme antigen retrieval reagent (AR0022) for 15 mins. The cells were blocked with 10% goat serum. And then incubated with 1μg/ml rabbit anti-CTH Antibody (PA1646) overnight at 4°C. Biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody and incubated for 30 minutes at 37°C. The section was developed using Strepavidin-Biotin-Complex (SABC)(Catalog # SA1022) with DAB as the chromogen.

Figure 3. Western blot analysis of CTH using anti-CTH antibody (PA1646).
Electrophoresis was performed on a 5-20% SDS-PAGE gel at 70V (Stacking gel) / 90V (Resolving gel) for 2-3 hours. The sample well of each lane was loaded with 50ug of sample under reducing conditions.
Lane 1: rat liver tissue lysates,
Lane 2: rat kidney tissue lysates,
Lane 3: SMMC-7721 whole cell lysates,
Lane 4: A431 whole cell lysates.
After Electrophoresis, proteins were transferred to a Nitrocellulose membrane at 150mA for 50-90 minutes. Blocked the membrane with 5% Non-fat Milk/ TBS for 1.5 hour at RT. The membrane was incubated with rabbit anti-CTH antigen affinity purified polyclonal antibody (Catalog # PA1646) at 0.5 μg/mL overnight at 4°C, then washed with TBS-0.1%Tween 3 times with 5 minutes each and probed with a goat anti-rabbit IgG-HRP secondary antibody at a dilution of 1:10000 for 1.5 hour at RT. The signal is developed using an Enhanced Chemiluminescent detection (ECL) kit (Catalog # EK1002) with Tanon 5200 system. A specific band was detected for CTH at approximately 45KD. The expected band size for CTH is at 45KD.

Figure 4. Western blot analysis of CTH using anti-CTH antibody (PA1646).
Electrophoresis was performed on a 5-20% SDS-PAGE gel at 70V (Stacking gel) / 90V (Resolving gel) for 2-3 hours. The sample well of each lane was loaded with 50ug of sample under reducing conditions.
Lane 1: mouse kidney tissue lysates.
After Electrophoresis, proteins were transferred to a Nitrocellulose membrane at 150mA for 50-90 minutes. Blocked the membrane with 5% Non-fat Milk/ TBS for 1.5 hour at RT. The membrane was incubated with rabbit anti-CTH antigen affinity purified polyclonal antibody (Catalog # PA1646) at 0.5 μg/mL overnight at 4°C, then washed with TBS-0.1%Tween 3 times with 5 minutes each and probed with a goat anti-rabbit IgG-HRP secondary antibody at a dilution of 1:10000 for 1.5 hour at RT. The signal is developed using an Enhanced Chemiluminescent detection (ECL) kit (Catalog # EK1002) with Tanon 5200 system. A specific band was detected for CTH at approximately 45KD. The expected band size for CTH is at 45KD.

Figure 5. IHC analysis of CTH using anti-CTH antibody (PA1646).
CTH was detected in paraffin-embedded section of mouse liver tissue. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed in citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution) for 20 mins. The tissue section was blocked with 10% goat serum. The tissue section was then incubated with 1μg/ml rabbit anti-CTH Antibody (PA1646) overnight at 4°C. Biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody and incubated for 30 minutes at 37°C. The tissue section was developed using Strepavidin-Biotin-Complex (SABC)(Catalog # SA1022) with DAB as the chromogen.

Figure 6. IHC analysis of CTH using anti-CTH antibody (PA1646).
CTH was detected in frozen section of mouse liver tissue. The tissue section was blocked with 10% goat serum. The tissue section was then incubated with 1μg/ml rabbit anti-CTH Antibody (PA1646) overnight at 4°C. Biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody and incubated for 30 minutes at 37°C. The tissue section was developed using Strepavidin-Biotin-Complex (SABC)(Catalog # SA1022) with DAB as the chromogen.

Target Info

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

Uniprot Id P32929
Gene Name CTH
Protein Name Cystathionine gamma-lyase
Alternative Names Cystathionine gamma-lyase;4.4.1.1;Cysteine-protein sulfhydrase;Gamma-cystathionase;CTH;
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasm.
Molecular Weight 44508 MW

*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Ontology

Protein Function Catalyzes the last step in the trans-sulfuration pathway from methionine to cysteine. Has broad substrate specificity. Converts cystathionine to cysteine, ammonia and 2-oxobutanoate. Converts two cysteine molecules to lanthionine and hydrogen sulfide. Can also accept homocysteine as substrate. Specificity depends on the levels of the endogenous substrates. Generates the endogenous signaling molecule hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and so contributes to the regulation of blood pressure. Acts as a cysteine-protein sulfhydrase by mediating sulfhydration of target proteins: sulfhydration consists of converting -SH groups into -SSH on specific cysteine residues of target proteins such as GAPDH, PTPN1 and NF-kappa-B subunit RELA, thereby regulating their function. .
Research Areas Human, Mouse, Rat

*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
Background CTH(CYSTATHIONINE GAMMA-LYASE),also called CYSTATHIONASE, is an enzyme which breaks down cystathionine into cysteine and alpha-ketobutyrate.And the CTH gene is mapped on 1p31.1. In some bacteria and mammals, including humans, this enzyme takes part in generating hydrogen sulfide and that genetic deletion of this enzyme in mice markedly reduced H2S levels in the serum, heart, aorta, and other tissues. Mutant mice lacking CTH displayed pronounced hypertension and diminished endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. Cystathionine was physiologically activated by calcium and calmodulin, which is a mechanism for H2S formation in response to vascular activation.

Other Recommended Resources

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Polyclonal antibody for CYSTATHIONASE/CTH detection. Host: Rabbit.Size: 100μg/vial. Tested applications: IHC-P. Reactive species: Human. CYSTATHIONASE/CTH information: Molecular Weight: 44508 MW; Subcellular Localization: Cytoplasm.
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PA1646
Buy one primary antibody get one 0.5ml HRP or Biotin secondary antibody for free.
*Sample sizes are prepared on demand and will take extra lead time. (cannot be conjugated)
$240.00

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Publications

CXCL5 as an autocrine or paracrine cytokine is associated with proliferation and migration of hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells
Heme Oxygenase-1 Promotes Delayed Wound Healing in Diabetic Rats
Endogenous carbon monoxide downregulates hepatic cystathionine-?-lyase in rats with liver cirrhosis
Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester inhibit Hepatic Fibrosis by Nitric Oxide Synthase and Cystathionine Gamma-Lyase in Rats
Hydrogen sulfide attenuates myocardial fibrosis in diabetic rats through the JAK/STAT signaling pathway

Customer Q&As

  • Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
    A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
  • Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
    A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
  • Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
    A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
  • Q: What should I use for negative control?
    A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
  • Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
    A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
  • Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
    A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "
  • Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
    A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:<br>1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected<br>2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands <br><br>3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody. <br><br>4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.<br>5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher., <br>
  • Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
    A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
  • Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
    A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
  • Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
    A: Some common names include but are not limited to cystathionine gamma lyase antibody, cystathionine gamma-lyase antibody
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