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SKU:PA1118
Pack Size:100μg/vial
Sample Size:30ug for $99, contact us for details
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-Cytochrome C Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA1118
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Cytochrome c(CYCS) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-Cytochrome C Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1118)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-13156|sc-13560|sc-13561|sc-23732|sc-23734|sc-27152|sc-65396|sc-7159|sc-8385 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Predicted Species Hamster

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P), IHC(F) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human Cytochrome C(91-105 aa ERADLIAYLKKATNE), identical to the related mouse and rat sequences.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name CYCS
Protein Name Cytochrome c
Molecular Weight 11749 MW
Protein Function Electron carrier protein. The oxidized form of the cytochrome c heme group can accept an electron from the heme group of the cytochrome c1 subunit of cytochrome reductase. Cytochrome c then transfers this electron to the cytochrome oxidase complex, the final protein carrier in the mitochondrial electron-transport chain.
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the cytochrome c family.
Subcellular Localization Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Loosely associated with the inner membrane.
Uniprot ID P99999
Alternative Names Cytochrome c;CYCS;CYC;
Research Areas |cardiovascular|lipids / lipoproteins|lipid metabolism|cytochromes| cell biology|apoptosis|mitochondrial| signal transduction|energy metabolism| cancer|invasion/microenvironment|cytochrome c|cancer metabolism|metabolic signaling pathway|integration of energy metabolism| metabolism|pathways and processes|mitochondrial metabolism|oxidative phosphorylation|mitochondrial markers|metabolic signaling pathways|lipid and lipoprotein metabolism|lipases|energy transfer pathways|integration of energy|metabolism processes|types of disease|cell death|apoptotic markers|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Cytochrome c

Cytochrome C is located in the mitochondria of all aerobic cells and is involved in the electron transport system. Human cytochrome c has 104 amino acid residues and a molecular weight of 11,458 and is mapped to 7p15.2. Cytochrome c released from mitochondria has been proposed to be an essential component of an apoptotic pathway responsive to DNA damage and other forms of cell stress. And it has a role in different apoptotic signaling cascades.

Anti-Cytochrome C Antibody Images

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Anti-Cytochrome C Antibody
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Rat Lung Tissue
Anti-Cytochrome C Antibody
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, IHC(F)
IHC(F): Rat Brain Tissue
Anti-Cytochrome C Antibody
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, ICC
ICC: A549 Cell
Anti-Cytochrome C Antibody
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, Western blotting
All lanes: Anti Cytochrome C (PA1118) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 2: HELA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 3: MCF-7 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 4: HEPA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Predicted bind size: 12KD
Observed bind size: 12KD
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Publications

Lin W, Tongyi S. Tumour Biol. 2014 Aug;35(8):8065-75. Doi: 10.1007/S13277-014-2064-0. Epub 2014 May 19. Role Of Bax/Bcl-2 Family Members In Green Tea Polyphenol Induced Necroptosis Of P53-Deficient Hep3B Cells.
Zhang W, Liu N, Wang X, Jin X, Du H, Peng G, Xue J. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2015 Feb;34(2):179-90. Doi: 10.1177/0960327114533358. Epub 2014 May 16. Benzo(A)Pyrene-7,8-Diol-9,10-Epoxide Induced P53-Independent Necrosis Via The Mitochondria-Associated Path...
Li Wz, Li Wp, Huang Dk, Kan Hw, Wang X, Wu Wy, Yin Yy, Yao Yy. Behav Brain Res. 2012 Feb 1;227(1):142-9. Doi: 10.1016/J.Bbr.2011.10.038. Epub 2011 Oct 29. Dexamethasone And A????????-?????? Accelerate Learning And Memory Impairments Due To Elevate Amyloid ...
Huang C, Lin Y, Su H, Ye D. Neurochem Res. 2015 Jan;40(1):27-35. Doi: 10.1007/S11064-014-1461-5. Epub 2014 Oct 25. Forsythiaside Protects Against Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Oxidative Stress And Apoptosis In Pc12 Cell.
Ban Jb, Fan Xw, Huang Q, Li Bf, Chen C, Zhang Hc, Xu Sq. Plos One. 2014 May 16;9(5):E97607. Doi: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0097607. Ecollection 2014. Mono-(2-Ethylhexyl) Phthalate Induces Injury In Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells.
Li X, Wang L, Wang Z. Phys Med. 2015 Jun;31(4):352-9. Doi: 10.1016/J.Ejmp.2015.02.004. Epub 2015 Feb 19. Radioprotective Activity Of Neutral Polysaccharides Isolated From The Fruiting Bodies Of Hohenbuehelia Serotina.
Wei T, Tian W, Yan H, Shao G, Xie G. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2014 Nov;34(8):1165-73. Doi: 10.1007/S10571-014-0091-4. Epub 2014 Aug 22. Protective Effects Of Phillyrin On H2O 2-Induced Oxidative Stress And Apoptosis In Pc12 Cells.
Ding H, Wang H, Zhao Y, Sun D, Zhai X. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2015 Jul;35(5):623-32. Doi: 10.1007/S10571-015-0156-Z. Epub 2015 Jan 18. Protective Effects Of Baicalin On A??????????????-Induced Learning And Memory Deficit, Oxidative Stress, And Apoptosis In Rat.
Xu S, Liu J, Zhang Y, Wang C, Wang J, Yang Y, Huo J, Sun W. Neural Regen Res. 2012 Jun 15;7(17):1318-24. Doi: 10.3969/J.Issn.1673-5374.2012.17.006. Apoptosis-Related Protein Expression In Rabbits With Blast Brain Injury Following Early Hyperbaric ...
Jiang H, Li J, Zhou T, Wang C, Zhang H, Wang H. Int J Mol Med. 2014 May;33(5):1298-304. Doi: 10.3892/Ijmm.2014.1684. Epub 2014 Mar 6. Colistin-Induced Apoptosis In Pc12 Cells: Involvement Of The Mitochondrial Apoptotic And Death Receptor Pathways.

FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.