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SKU:PA2222
Pack Size:100μg/vial
Sample Size:30ug for $99, contact us for details
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA2222
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Ubiquitin D(UBD) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human.
Cite This Product Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2222)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-133199|sc-166553|sc-271289|sc-31849|sc-31850|sc-324974|sc-324975|sc-34870|sc-393630|sc-47721|sc-51081|sc-51082|sc-51086|sc-53509|sc-58449|sc-58450|sc-6085|sc-67202|sc-67203|sc-8017|sc-9133 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human
Application IHC, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human Diubiquitin(27-40aa YDSVKKIKEHVRSK), different from the related mouse and rat sequences by five amino acids.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name UBD
Protein Name Ubiquitin D
Molecular Weight 18473 MW
Protein Function Ubiquitin-like protein modifier which can be covalently attached to target protein and subsequently leads to their degradation by the 26S proteasome, in a NUB1L-dependent manner. Probably functions as a survival factor. Conjugation ability activated by UBA6. Promotes the expression of the proteasome subunit beta type-9 (PSMB9/LMP2). Regulates TNF-alpha-induced and LPS-mediated activation of the central mediator of innate immunity NF-kappa-B by promoting TNF-alpha-mediated proteasomal degradation of ubiquitinated-I-kappa-B-alpha. Required for TNF-alpha-induced p65 nuclear translocation in renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs). May be involved in dendritic cell (DC) maturation, the process by which immature dendritic cells differentiate into fully competent antigen-presenting cells that initiate T-cell responses. Mediates mitotic non-disjunction and chromosome instability, in long-term in vitro culture and cancers, by abbreviating mitotic phase and impairing the kinetochore localization of MAD2L1 during the prometaphase stage of the cell cycle. May be involved in the formation of aggresomes when proteasome is saturated or impaired. Mediates apoptosis in a caspase-dependent manner, especially in renal epithelium and tubular cells during renal diseases such as polycystic kidney disease and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- associated nephropathy (HIVAN). .
Tissue Specificity Constitutively expressed in mature dendritic cells and B-cells. Mostly expressed in the reticuloendothelial system (e.g. thymus, spleen), the gastrointestinal system, kidney, lung and prostate gland. .
Sequence Similarities Contains 2 ubiquitin-like domains.
Subcellular Localization Nucleus . Cytoplasm . Accumulates in aggresomes under proteasome inhibition conditions.
Uniprot ID O15205
Alternative Names Ubiquitin D;Diubiquitin;Ubiquitin-like protein FAT10;UBD;FAT10;
Research Areas UBD|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Ubiquitin D

Ubiquitin D, also called UBD or FAT10 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the UBD gene. This gene is mapped to 6p22.1. Ubiquitin-like protein modifier can be covalently attached to target protein and subsequently leads to their degradation by the 26S proteasome in a NUB1L-dependent manner. This gene may be involved in dendritic cell(DC) maturation, the process by which immature dendritic cells differentiate into fully competent antigen-presenting cells that initiate T-cell responses. It may be involved in the formation of aggresomes when proteasome is saturated or impaired. This gene mediates apoptosis in a caspase-dependent manner, especially in renal epithelium and tubular cells during renal diseases such as polycystic kidney disease and Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-associated nephropathy(HIVAN). It probably functions as a survival factor.

Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody Images

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Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody
Anti-Diubiquitin antibody, PA2222, Western blotting
Lane 1: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 2: SKOV Cell Lysate
Lane 3: MCF-7 Cell Lysate
Lane 4: A549 Cell Lysate
Lane 5: SMMC Cell Lysate
Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody
Anti-Diubiquitin antibody, PA2222, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Tonsil Tissue
Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody
Anti-Diubiquitin antibody, PA2222, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Intestinal Cancer Tissue
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to diubiquitin antibody, fat10 antibody