Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Ubiquitin D(UBD) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2222)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-133199|sc-166553|sc-271289|sc-31849|sc-31850|sc-324974|sc-324975|sc-34870|sc-393630|sc-47721|sc-51081|sc-51082|sc-51086|sc-53509|sc-58449|sc-58450|sc-6085|sc-67202|sc-67203|sc-8017|sc-9133 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human Diubiquitin(27-40aa YDSVKKIKEHVRSK), different from the related mouse and rat sequences by five amino acids.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Ubiquitin D|
|Molecular Weight||18473 MW|
|Protein Function||Ubiquitin-like protein modifier which can be covalently attached to target protein and subsequently leads to their degradation by the 26S proteasome, in a NUB1L-dependent manner. Probably functions as a survival factor. Conjugation ability activated by UBA6. Promotes the expression of the proteasome subunit beta type-9 (PSMB9/LMP2). Regulates TNF-alpha-induced and LPS-mediated activation of the central mediator of innate immunity NF-kappa-B by promoting TNF-alpha-mediated proteasomal degradation of ubiquitinated-I-kappa-B-alpha. Required for TNF-alpha-induced p65 nuclear translocation in renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs). May be involved in dendritic cell (DC) maturation, the process by which immature dendritic cells differentiate into fully competent antigen-presenting cells that initiate T-cell responses. Mediates mitotic non-disjunction and chromosome instability, in long-term in vitro culture and cancers, by abbreviating mitotic phase and impairing the kinetochore localization of MAD2L1 during the prometaphase stage of the cell cycle. May be involved in the formation of aggresomes when proteasome is saturated or impaired. Mediates apoptosis in a caspase-dependent manner, especially in renal epithelium and tubular cells during renal diseases such as polycystic kidney disease and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- associated nephropathy (HIVAN). .|
|Tissue Specificity||Constitutively expressed in mature dendritic cells and B-cells. Mostly expressed in the reticuloendothelial system (e.g. thymus, spleen), the gastrointestinal system, kidney, lung and prostate gland. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Contains 2 ubiquitin-like domains.|
|Subcellular Localization||Nucleus . Cytoplasm . Accumulates in aggresomes under proteasome inhibition conditions.|
|Alternative Names||Ubiquitin D;Diubiquitin;Ubiquitin-like protein FAT10;UBD;FAT10;|
Background for Ubiquitin D
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, By Heat|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-Diubiquitin Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Lane 1: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 2: SKOV Cell Lysate
Lane 3: MCF-7 Cell Lysate
Lane 4: A549 Cell Lysate
Lane 5: SMMC Cell Lysate
IHC(P): Human Tonsil Tissue
IHC(P): Human Intestinal Cancer Tissue
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,