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SKU:PA1403
Pack Size:100μg/vial
Sample Size:30ug for $99, contact us for details
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC-P, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-GAD65 Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA1403
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Glutamate decarboxylase 2(GAD2) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-GAD65 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1403)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-130569|sc-32270|sc-365180|sc-377145|sc-53541|sc-5601|sc-73650|sc-7511 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Predicted Species Hamster

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application IHC-P, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human GAD65(21-37aa ENPGTARAWCQVAQKFT), identical to the related mouse and rat sequences.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name GAD2
Protein Name Glutamate decarboxylase 2
Molecular Weight 65411 MW
Protein Function Catalyzes the production of GABA.
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family.
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasm, cytosol . Cytoplasmic vesicle . Cell junction, synapse, presynaptic cell membrane ; Lipid-anchor . Golgi apparatus membrane ; Peripheral membrane protein ; Cytoplasmic side . Associated to cytoplasmic vesicles. In neurons, cytosolic leaflet of Golgi membranes and presynaptic clusters.
Uniprot ID Q05329
Alternative Names Glutamate decarboxylase 2;4.1.1.15;65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase;GAD-65;Glutamate decarboxylase 65 kDa isoform;GAD2;GAD65;
Research Areas |neuroscience|neurotransmitter|amino acids|glutamate| neuroscience|neurology process|metabolism| metabolism|pathways and processes|metabolic signaling pathways|amino acid metabolism|types of disease|cancer|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Glutamate decarboxylase 2

Glutamate decarboxylase 2, also known as GAD65, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GAD2 gene. This gene encodes one of several forms of glutamic acid decarboxylase, identified as a major autoantigen in insulin-dependent diabetes. The enzyme encoded is responsible for catalyzing the production of gamma-aminobutyric acid from L-glutamic acid. A pathogenic role for this enzyme has been identified in the human pancreas since it has been identified as an autoantibody and an autoreactive T cell target in insulin-dependent diabetes. This gene may also play a role in the stiff man syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein.

Anti-GAD65 Antibody Images

Click the images to enlarge.

Anti-GAD65 Antibody
Anti-GAD65 antibody, PA1403, Western blotting
Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Anti-GAD65 Antibody
Anti-GAD65 antibody, PA1403, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Rat Brain Tissue
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Publications

Shi J, Ma Y, Zheng M, Ruan Z, Liu J, Tian S, Zhang D, He X, Li G. Toxicol Ind Health. 2012 Feb;28(1):10-20. Doi: 10.1177/0748233711401264. Epub 2011 Mar 28. Effect Of Sub-Acute Exposure To Acrylamide On Gabaergic Neurons And Astrocytes In Weaning ...

FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to gad antibody, gad 65 antibody, gad2 antibody