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SKU:PA1588
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC-P, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-Granzyme A Antibody
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Granzyme A(GZMA) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human.
Cite This Product Anti-Granzyme A Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1588)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-11434|sc-5510|sc-5511|sc-56115|sc-56116 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human
Application IHC-P, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence in the middle region of human Granzyme A(175-190aa DRKVCNDRNHYNFNPV).
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name GZMA
Protein Name Granzyme A
Molecular Weight 28999 MW
Protein Function Abundant protease in the cytosolic granules of cytotoxic T-cells and NK-cells which activates caspase-independent cell death with morphological features of apoptosis when delivered into the target cell through the immunological synapse. It cleaves after Lys or Arg. Cleaves APEX1 after 'Lys-31' and destroys its oxidative repair activity. Cleaves the nucleosome assembly protein SET after 'Lys-189', which disrupts its nucleosome assembly activity and allows the SET complex to translocate into the nucleus to nick and degrade the DNA. .
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the peptidase S1 family. Granzyme subfamily.
Subcellular Localization Isoform alpha: Secreted. Cytoplasmic granule.
Uniprot ID P12544
Alternative Names Granzyme A;3.4.21.78;CTL tryptase;Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte proteinase 1;Fragmentin-1;Granzyme-1;Hanukkah factor;H factor;HF;GZMA;CTLA3, HFSP;
Research Areas |cell biology|apoptosis|extracellular signals|granzymes| immunology|adaptive immunity|t cells|cytotoxic cells|innate immunity|nk cells|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Granzyme A

Granzyme A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GZMA gene. Cytolytic T lymphocytes(CTL) and natural killer(NK) cells share the remarkable ability to recognize, bind, and lyse specific target cells. They are though to protect their host by lysing cells bearing on their surface "nonself" antigens, usually peptides or proteins resulting from infection by intracellular pathogens. The protein described here is a T cell- and natural killer cell-specific serine protease that may function as a common component necessary for lysis of target cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. GZMA induces caspase-independent apoptosis in a characteristic manner, except it causes a distinctive form of DNA damage: single-stranded DNA nicking. A target of GZMA is the SET complex, including HMGB2 and ANP32A .

Anti-Granzyme A Antibody Images

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Anti-Granzyme A Antibody
Anti-Granzyme A antibody, PA1588, Western blotting
Lane 1: JURKAT Cell Lysate
Lane 2: CEM Cell Lysate
Lane 3: RAJI Cell Lysate
Anti-Granzyme A Antibody
Anti-Granzyme A antibody, PA1588, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Tonsil Tissue
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to tsp1 antibody, granzyme a antibody