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SKU:PB9014
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:WB
Price: $240.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-IL-18 Antibody
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Interleukin-18(IL18) detection. Tested with WB in Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-IL-18 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PB9014)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-10159|sc-10164|sc-28718|sc-136153|sc-136401|sc-398032 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Rat
Application WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen E.coli-derived rat IL-18 recombinant protein (Position: H37-S194). Rat IL-18 shares 64% and 91% amino acid (aa) sequences identity with human and mouse IL-18, respectively.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name Il18
Protein Name Interleukin-18
Molecular Weight 22303 MW
Protein Function Augments natural killer cell activity in spleen cells and stimulates interferon gamma production in T-helper type I cells.
Subcellular Localization Secreted.
Uniprot ID P97636
Alternative Names Interleukin-18;IL-18;Interferon gamma-inducing factor;IFN-gamma-inducing factor;Interleukin-1 gamma;IL-1 gamma;Il18;Igif;
Research Areas |immunology|innate immunity|cytokines|interleukins| cancer|invasion/microenvironment|angiogenesis|angiogenic growth factors|tumor immunology|cancer metabolism|response to hypoxia| metabolism|pathways and processes|metabolism processes|types of disease|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Interleukin-18

Interleukin (IL)-18, also called Interferon-gamma-inducing factor (IGIF), augments natural killer (NK) activity in spleen cells. The gene encodes a precursor protein of 192 amino acids and a mature protein of 157 amino acids. IL18 is a recently discovered cytokine that modulates both T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 responses. IL18 is a potent proinflammatory cytokine with potential atherogenic properties. It is highly expressed in the atherosclerotic plaques compared with control normal arteries and is localized mainly in plaque macrophages.

Anti-IL-18 Antibody Images

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Anti-IL-18 Antibody
Anti-IL-18 Picoband antibody, PB9014-1.jpg
All lanes: Anti-IL-18(PB9014) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: Rat Spleen Tissue Lysate at 40ug
Lane 2: Rat Thymus Tissue Lysate at 40ug
Lane 3: PC12 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Predicted bind size: 22KD
Observed bind size: 22KD
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Publications

Yang Yj, Shen Y, Chen Sh, Ge Xr. World J Gastroenterol. 2005 Aug 7;11(29):4524-9. Role Of Interleukin 18 In Acute Lung Inflammation Induced By Gut Ischemia Reperfusion.
Wang Y, Zhang X, Zhang Y, Xu H, Fang G. J Reprod Immunol. 2011 Dec;92(1-2):45-53. Doi: 10.1016/J.Jri.2011.07.002. Epub 2011 Sep 13. Expression And Localization Of Il-18 In The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Ovarian Axis Of Non-Pregnant, Pregnant, And Abor...
Si Lf, Zhang Sy, Gao Cs, Chen Sl, Zhao J, Cheng Xc. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 2013 Oct;26(10):1399-405. Doi: 10.5713/Ajas.2013.13101. Effects Of Ifn-?? On Il-18 Expression In Pregnant Rats And Pregnancy Outcomes.

FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to il 18 antibody, il18 antibody, il-18 antibody