|Validated Species:||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-LKB1 Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Serine/threonine-protein kinase STK11(STK11) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-LKB1 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1355)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-15922|sc-15923 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Mouse, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2018!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human LKB1(421-433aa SSKIRRLSACKQQ), different from the mouse sequence by one amino acid.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Serine/threonine-protein kinase STK11|
|Molecular Weight||48636 MW|
|Protein Function||Tumor suppressor serine/threonine-protein kinase that controls the activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) family members, thereby playing a role in various processes such as cell metabolism, cell polarity, apoptosis and DNA damage response. Acts by phosphorylating the T-loop of AMPK family proteins, thus promoting their activity: phosphorylates PRKAA1, PRKAA2, BRSK1, BRSK2, MARK1, MARK2, MARK3, MARK4, NUAK1, NUAK2, SIK1, SIK2, SIK3 and SNRK but not MELK. Also phosphorylates non- AMPK family proteins such as STRADA, PTEN and possibly p53/TP53. Acts as a key upstream regulator of AMPK by mediating phosphorylation and activation of AMPK catalytic subunits PRKAA1 and PRKAA2 and thereby regulates processes including: inhibition of signaling pathways that promote cell growth and proliferation when energy levels are low, glucose homeostasis in liver, activation of autophagy when cells undergo nutrient deprivation, and B-cell differentiation in the germinal center in response to DNA damage. Also acts as a regulator of cellular polarity by remodeling the actin cytoskeleton. Required for cortical neuron polarization by mediating phosphorylation and activation of BRSK1 and BRSK2, leading to axon initiation and specification. Involved in DNA damage response: interacts with p53/TP53 and recruited to the CDKN1A/WAF1 promoter to participate in transcription activation. Able to phosphorylate p53/TP53; the relevance of such result in vivo is however unclear and phosphorylation may be indirect and mediated by downstream STK11/LKB1 kinase NUAK1. Also acts as a mediator of p53/TP53-dependent apoptosis via interaction with p53/TP53: translocates to the mitochondrion during apoptosis and regulates p53/TP53-dependent apoptosis pathways. In vein endothelial cells, inhibits PI3K/Akt signaling activity and thus induces apoptosis in response to the oxidant peroxynitrite (in vitro). Regulates UV radiation-induced DNA damage response mediated by CDKN1A. In association with NUAK1, phosphorylates CDKN1A in response to UV radiation and contributes to its degradation which is necessary for optimal DNA repair (PubMed:25329316). .|
|Tissue Specificity||Ubiquitously expressed. Strongest expression in testis and fetal liver.|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. LKB1 subfamily.|
|Subcellular Localization||Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Membrane . Mitochondrion. A small fraction localizes at membranes (By similarity). Relocates to the cytoplasm when bound to STRAD (STRADA or STRADB) and CAB39/MO25 (CAB39/MO25alpha or CAB39L/MO25beta). Translocates to the mitochondrion during apoptosis. Translocates to the cytoplasm in response to metformin or peroxynitrite treatment. PTEN promotes cytoplasmic localization. .|
|Alternative Names||Serine/threonine-protein kinase STK11;184.108.40.206;Liver kinase B1;LKB1;hLKB1;Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-19;STK11;LKB1, PJS;|
|Research Areas|||signal transduction|protein phosphorylation|ser / thr kinases|other kinases||
Background for Serine/threonine-protein kinase STK11
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-LKB1 Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat, By Heat|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-LKB1 Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Lane 1: Rat Testis Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: Rat Lung Tissue Lysate
Lane 4: Rat Embryo Tissue Lysate
Lane 5: MM453 Cell Lysate
Lane 6: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 7: SMMC Cell Lysate
IHC(P): Human Liver Cancer Tissue
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,