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SKU:PA1317-1
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC-P, ICC, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-MTCO1 Antibody
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1(MT-CO1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, ICC in Human.
Cite This Product Anti-MTCO1 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1317-1)
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human
Application IHC-P, ICC, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human MTCO1(501-514aa PYHTFEEPVYMKS).
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name MT-CO1
Protein Name Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1
Molecular Weight 57041 MW
Protein Function Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Subunits 1- 3 form the functional core of the enzyme complex. CO I is the catalytic subunit of the enzyme. Electrons originating in cytochrome c are transferred via the copper A center of subunit 2 and heme A of subunit 1 to the bimetallic center formed by heme A3 and copper B.
Subcellular Localization Mitochondrion inner membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.
Uniprot ID P00395
Alternative Names Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1;1.9.3.1;Cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide I;MT-CO1;COI, COXI, MTCO1;
Research Areas |tags & cell markers|subcellular markers|organelles|mitochondria| signal transduction|metabolism|mitochondrial| cancer|cancer metabolism|metabolic signaling pathway|integration of energy metabolism| metabolism|pathways and processes|mitochondrial metabolism|mitochondrial markers|metabolic signaling pathways|energy transfer pathways|integration of energy|oxidative phosphorylation|complex iv|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I(CO1 or MTCO1) is 1 of 3 mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) encoded subunits(MTCO1, MTCO2, MTCO3) of respiratory Complex IV. Complex IV is located within the mitochondrial inner membrane and is the third and final enzyme of the electron transport chain of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. It is composed of 13 polypeptides. Subunits I, II, and III(MTCO1, MTCO2, MTCO3) are encoded by mtDNA while subunits IV, Va, Vb, VIa, VIb, VIc, VIIa, VIIb, VIIc, and VIII are nuclear encoded. The cytochrome c oxidase family of enzymes have 4 redox centers, 2 hemes and 2 copper centers. In mitochondrial Complex IV, the 2 hemes are a and a3 and the 2 coppers are CuA and CuB. The 2 hemes and CuB are bound to subunit I. Acin-Perez et al.(2003) identified a cell line containing single and double missense mutations in the cytochrome c oxidase(COX) subunit I gene of mouse mitochondrial DNA. And they hypothesized that deleterious mutations can arise and become predominant; cultured cells can maintain several mtDNA haplotypes at stable frequencies; the respiratory chain has little spare COX capacity; and that the size of a cavity in the vicinity of val421 in MTCO1I of animal COX may affect the function of the enzyme.

Anti-MTCO1 Antibody Images

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Anti-MTCO1 Antibody
Anti-MTCO1 antibody, PA1317-1, Western blotting
Lane 1: SMMC Cell Lysate
Lane 2: MCF-7 Cell Lysate
Lane 3: RAJI Cell Lysate
Lane 4: SW620 Cell Lysate
Anti-MTCO1 Antibody
Anti-MTCO1 antibody, PA1317-1, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Mammary Cancer Tissue
Anti-MTCO1 Antibody
Anti-MTCO1 antibody, PA1317-1, ICC
ICC: C6 Cell
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to coxi antibody, mtco1 antibody