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SKU:PA1669
Pack Size:100μg/vial
Sample Size:30ug for $99, contact us for details
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC-P, ICC, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-NF-kB p65 Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA1669
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Transcription factor p65(RELA) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-NF-kB p65 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1669)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-81622 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Predicted Species Bovine

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application IHC-P, ICC, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence in the middle region of human NF-kB p65(143-158aa VPIEEQRGDYDLNAVR), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name RELA
Protein Name Transcription factor p65
Molecular Weight 60219 MW
Protein Function NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor present in almost all cell types and is the endpoint of a series of signal transduction events that are initiated by a vast array of stimuli related to many biological processes such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF-kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-containing proteins RELA/p65, RELB, NFKB1/p105, NFKB1/p50, REL and NFKB2/p52 and the heterodimeric p65-p50 complex appears to be most abundant one. The dimers bind at kappa-B sites in the DNA of their target genes and the individual dimers have distinct preferences for different kappa-B sites that they can bind with distinguishable affinity and specificity. Different dimer combinations act as transcriptional activators or repressors, respectively. NF-kappa-B is controlled by various mechanisms of post-translational modification and subcellular compartmentalization as well as by interactions with other cofactors or corepressors. NF-kappa-B complexes are held in the cytoplasm in an inactive state complexed with members of the NF-kappa-B inhibitor (I-kappa-B) family. In a conventional activation pathway, I-kappa-B is phosphorylated by I-kappa-B kinases (IKKs) in response to different activators, subsequently degraded thus liberating the active NF-kappa-B complex which translocates to the nucleus. NF-kappa-B heterodimeric p65-p50 and p65-c-Rel complexes are transcriptional activators. The NF-kappa-B p65-p65 complex appears to be involved in invasin-mediated activation of IL-8 expression. The inhibitory effect of I-kappa-B upon NF-kappa-B the cytoplasm is exerted primarily through the interaction with p65. p65 shows a weak DNA-binding site which could contribute directly to DNA binding in the NF-kappa-B complex. Associates with chromatin at the NF-kappa-B promoter region via association with DDX1. Essential for cytokine gene expression in T-cells (PubMed:15790681). .
Sequence Similarities Contains 1 RHD (Rel-like) domain.
Subcellular Localization Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Colocalized with DDX1 in the nucleus upon TNF-alpha induction (By similarity). Nuclear, but also found in the cytoplasm in an inactive form complexed to an inhibitor (I-kappa-B). Colocalizes with GFI1 in the nucleus after LPS stimulation. .
Uniprot ID Q04206
Alternative Names Transcription factor p65;Nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p65 subunit;Nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells 3;RELA;NFKB3;
Research Areas |epigenetics and nuclear signaling|transcription|domain families|zinc finger| signal transduction|signaling pathway|nuclear hormone receptors|estrogen| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|nuclear signaling pathways|nuclear receptors| cancer| metabolism|pathways and processes|mitochondrial metabolism|mitochondrial biogenesis|metabolic signaling pathways|nucleotide metabolism|molecular processes|mitochondrial transcription|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Transcription factor p65

RELA(V-REL AVIAN RETICULOENDOTHELIOSIS VIRAL ONCOGENE HOMOLOG A), also called NFKB3 or NFKB, p65 SUBUNIT. NFKB1 or NFKB2 is bound to REL, RELA, or RELB to form the NFKB complex. The NFKB complex is inhibited by I-kappa-B proteins, which inactivate NFKB by trapping it in the cytoplasm. The p65(RELA) heterodimer is the most abundant form of NFKB. And the RELA gene is located on 11q13.1. RELA is a nonhistone substrate of HDAC3 and that IKBA-dependent nuclear export of the HDAC3-deacetylated RELA replenishes the depleted cytoplasmic pool of latent NFKB-IKBA complexes for subsequent NFKB responses. RELA nucleocytoplasmic redistribution coincided with export of PPARG, and immunoprecipitation analysis indicated that PPARG-RELA association was dependent on the PPARG C-terminal ligand-binding domain. IKK-dependent phosphorylation of RELA on ser468 enhanced binding of GCN5 to RELA and RELA ubiquitination.

Anti-NF-kB p65 Antibody Images

Click the images to enlarge.

Anti-NF-kB p65 Antibody
Anti-NF-kB p65 antibody, PA1669, Western blotting
Lane 1: Rat Testis Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 3: A431 Cell Lysate
Lane 4: JURKAT Cell Lysate
Anti-NF-kB p65 Antibody
Anti-NF-kB p65 antibody, PA1669, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Mammary Cancer Tissue
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Publications

Ren Zh, Tong Yh, Xu W, Ma J, Chen Y. Phytomedicine. 2010 Mar;17(3-4):212-8. Doi: 10.1016/J.Phymed.2009.08.010. Epub 2009 Oct 2. Tanshinone Ii A Attenuates Inflammatory Responses Of Rats With Myocardial Infarction By Reducing Mcp-1 Expression.
Leng Am, Liu T, Yang J, Cui Jf, Li Xh, Zhu Yn, Xiong T, Zhang G, Chen Y. Cell Biol Int. 2012 Oct 1;36(10):893-9. Doi: 10.1042/Cbi20110473. The Apoptotic Effect And Associated Signalling Of Hsp90 Inhibitor 17-Dmag In Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells.
Zhao Yj, Wang H, Liu X, Sun M, Kazuhiro H. Mol Med Rep. 2012 Oct;6(4):739-44. Doi: 10.3892/Mmr.2012.1007. Epub 2012 Jul 26. Protective Effects Of Glutamine In A Rat Model Of Endotoxemia.
Li Y, Chen Y, Zhang J, Zhu Jf, Liu Zj, Liang Sy, Sun K, Liao Wy, Gong Jp. Am J Surg. 2010 Jan;199(1):35-42. Doi: 10.1016/J.Amjsurg.2008.11.039. Protective Effect Of Glutamine-Enriched Early Enteral Nutrition On Intestinal Mucosal Barrier Injury Af...
Kan S, Zhou H, Jin C, Yang H. Int J Clin Exp Med. 2015 Mar 15;8(3):3258-70. Ecollection 2015. Effects Of Pdtc On Nf-??b Expression And Apoptosis In Rats With Severe Acute Pancreatitis-Associated Lung Injury.
Li B, Chu X, Gao M, Li W. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2010 Jan;42(1):80-9. Apoptotic Mechanism Of Mcf-7 Breast Cells In Vivo And In Vitro Induced By Photodynamic Therapy With C-Phycocyanin.

FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to p65 antibody, rela antibody