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SKU:PA2043
Pack Size:100μg/vial
Sample Size:30ug for $99, contact us for details
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-PADI4/PAD4 Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA2043
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Protein-arginine deiminase type-4(PADI4) detection. Tested with WB in Human.
Cite This Product Anti-PADI4/PAD4 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2043)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-47287|sc-98991|sc-166645|sc-365369|sc-98990|sc-47285 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human
Application WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence in the middle region of human PADI4(492-512aa ASPRSCYKLFQEQQNEGHGEA).
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name PADI4
Protein Name Protein-arginine deiminase type-4
Molecular Weight 74079 MW
Protein Function Catalyzes the citrullination/deimination of arginine residues of proteins such as histones, thereby playing a key role in histone code and regulation of stem cell maintenance. Citrullinates histone H1 at 'Arg-54' (to form H1R54ci), histone H3 at 'Arg-2', 'Arg-8', 'Arg-17' and/or 'Arg-26' (to form H3R2ci, H3R8ci, H3R17ci, H3R26ci, respectively) and histone H4 at 'Arg-3' (to form H4R3ci). Acts as a key regulator of stem cell maintenance by mediating citrullination of histone H1: citrullination of 'Arg- 54' of histone H1 (H1R54ci) results in H1 displacement from chromatin and global chromatin decondensation, thereby promoting pluripotency and stem cell maintenance. Promotes profound chromatin decondensation during the innate immune response to infection in neutrophils by mediating formation of H1R54ci. Citrullination of histone H3 prevents their methylation by CARM1 and HRMT1L2/PRMT1 and represses transcription. Citrullinates EP300/P300 at 'Arg-2142', which favors its interaction with NCOA2/GRIP1. .
Tissue Specificity Expressed in eosinophils and neutrophils, not expressed in peripheral monocytes or lymphocytes. .
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic granule. Cytoplasmic granules of eosinophils and neutrophils.
Uniprot ID Q9UM07
Alternative Names Protein-arginine deiminase type-4;3.5.3.15;HL-60 PAD;Peptidylarginine deiminase IV;Protein-arginine deiminase type IV;PADI4;PAD4, PADI5, PDI5;
Research Areas |signal transduction|metabolism|amino acids| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|chromatin modifying enzymes|arginine deiminases|methylation|arginine deimination| metabolism|pathways and processes|metabolic signaling pathways|amino acid metabolism|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Protein-arginine deiminase type-4

PADI4(Peptidylarginine Deiminase, Type IV), also known as PAD or PAD4, is a human protein which in humans is encoded by the PADI4 gene. Peptidylarginine deiminases, such as PADI4, make up a family of posttranslational modification enzymes that convert arginine residues to citrulline residues in the presence of calcium ion(Nakashima et al., 1999). Suzuki et al.(2003) found from sequence data that the PADI4 gene maps to 1p36. Cuthbert et al.(2004) described a process, deimination, that converts histone arginine to citrulline and antagonizes arginine methylation. They showed that PADI4 specifically deiminated arg2, arg8, arg17, and arg26 in the H3 tail. Deimination by PADI4 prevented arginine methylation by CARM1. Dimethylation of arginines prevented deimination by PADI4, although monomethylation still allowed deimination to take place. In vivo targeting experiments on an endogenous promoter demonstrated that PADI4 could repress hormone receptor-mediated gene induction. PADI4 was recruited to the pS2 promoter following hormone induction when the gene was transcriptionally downregulated, consistent with a repressive role for PADI4.

Anti-PADI4/PAD4 Antibody Images

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Anti-PADI4/PAD4 Antibody
Anti-PADI4/PAD4 antibody, PA2043, Western blotting
Lane 1: PANC Cell Lysate
Lane 2: 293T Cell Lysate
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.