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SKU:PB9155
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:WB
Price: $240.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-Perforin Picoband™ Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PB9155
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Perforin-1(PRF1) detection. Tested with WB in Human.
Cite This Product Anti-Perforin Picoband™ Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PB9155)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-134187|sc-136994|sc-22274|sc-33655|sc-368396|sc-373943|sc-374346|sc-71877|sc-7417|sc-7418|sc-87523|sc-87524|sc-9105 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human
Application WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen E.coli-derived human Perforin recombinant protein (Position: E175-W555). Human Perforin shares 68% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with both mouse and rat Perforin.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name PRF1
Protein Name Perforin-1
Molecular Weight 61377 MW
Protein Function Plays a key role in secretory granule-dependent cell death, and in defense against virus-infected or neoplastic cells. Plays an important role in killing other cells that are recognized as non-self by the immune system, e.g. in transplant rejection or some forms of autoimmune disease. Can insert into the membrane of target cells in its calcium-bound form, oligomerize and form large pores. Promotes cytolysis and apoptosis of target cells by facilitating the uptake of cytotoxic granzymes. .
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the complement C6/C7/C8/C9 family.
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasmic granule lumen. Secreted. Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Endosome lumen. Stored in cytoplasmic granules of cytolytic T-lymphocytes and secreted into the cleft between T-lymphocyte and target cell. Inserts into the cell membrane of target cells and forms pores. Membrane insertion and pore formation requires a major conformation change. May be taken up via endocytosis involving clathrin-coated vesicles and accumulate in a first time in large early endosomes.
Uniprot ID P14222
Alternative Names Perforin-1;P1;Cytolysin;Lymphocyte pore-forming protein;PFP;PRF1;PFP;
Research Areas |immunology|adaptive immunity|t cells|cytotoxic cells| immunology|innate immunity|complement| kits/ lysates/ other|elisa kits|granzyme and perforins elisa kits|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Perforin-1

PRF1, also known as Perforin-1, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PRF1 gene. It is mapped to 10q22.1. PRF1 is a cytolytic protein found in the granules of Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and NK cells. Upon degranulation, PRF1 inserts itself into the target cell's plasma membrane, forming a pore. The lytic membrane-inserting part of perforin is the MACPF domain. This region shares homology with cholesterol-dependent cytolysins from Gram-positive bacteria. PRF1 has structural and functional similarities to complement component 9 (C9). Like C9, this protein creates transmembrane tubules and is capable of lysing non-specifically a variety of target cells. This protein is one of the main cytolytic proteins of cytolytic granules, and it is known to be a key effector molecule for T-cell- and natural killer-cell-mediated cytolysis. PRF1 is thought to act by creating holes in the plasma membrane which triggers an influx of calcium and initiates membrane repair mechanisms. These repair mechanisms bring perforin and granzymes into early endosomes.

Anti-Perforin Picoband™ Antibody Images

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Anti-Perforin Picoband™ Antibody
Anti-Perforin Picoband antibody, PB9155-1.jpg
All lanes: Anti Perforin (PB9155) at 0.5ug/ml
WB: Recombinant Human Perforin Protein 0.5ng
Predicted bind size: 40KD
Observed bind size: 40KD
Anti-Perforin Picoband™ Antibody
Anti-Perforin Picoband antibody, PB9155-2.jpg
All lanes: Anti Perforin (PB9155) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: HELA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 2: COLO320 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 3: HEPG2 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Predicted bind size: 61KD
Observed bind size: 61KD
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: Some common names include but are not limited to pigf antibody, plgf antibody, p1 antibody