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SKU:PA2045
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:IHC-P, WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-PGK1 Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA2045
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Phosphoglycerate kinase 1(PGK1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-PGK1 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2045)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-17943|sc-130335 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Predicted Species Hamster

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application IHC-P, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence in the middle region of human PGK1(166-180aa FGTAHRAHSSMVGVN), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name PGK1
Protein Name Phosphoglycerate kinase 1
Molecular Weight 44615 MW
Protein Function In addition to its role as a glycolytic enzyme, it seems that PGK-1 acts as a polymerase alpha cofactor protein (primer recognition protein).
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the phosphoglycerate kinase family.
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasm.
Uniprot ID P00558
Alternative Names Phosphoglycerate kinase 1;2.7.2.3;Cell migration-inducing gene 10 protein;Primer recognition protein 2;PRP 2;PGK1;PGKA;MIG10, OK/SW-cl.110;
Research Areas |cardiovascular|blood| signal transduction|metabolism|energy metabolism| cancer|cancer metabolism|metabolic signaling pathway|metabolism of carbohydrates| metabolism|pathways and processes|metabolic signaling pathways|carbohydrate metabolism|energy transfer pathways|types of disease|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Phosphoglycerate kinase 1

PGK1 (Phosphoglycerate Kinase 1), also known as PGKA, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PGK1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of 1,3-diphosphoglycerate to 3-phosphoglycerate. The encoded protein may also act as a cofactor for polymerase alpha. Additionally, this protein is secreted by tumor cells where it participates in angiogenesis by functioning to reduce disulfide bonds in the serine protease, plasmin, which consequently leads to the release of the tumor blood vessel inhibitor angiostatin. And the encoded protein has been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions. Deficiency of the enzyme is associated with a wide range of clinical phenotypes hemolytic anemia and neurological impairment. Pseudogenes of this gene have been defined on chromosomes 19, 21 and the X chromosome.

Anti-PGK1 Antibody Images

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Anti-PGK1 Antibody
Anti-PGK1 antibody, PA2045, Western blotting
Lane 1: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: Rat Lung Tissue Lysate
Lane 4: A431 Cell Lysate
Lane 5: COLO320 Cell Lysate
Lane 6: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 7: A549 Cell Lysate
Lane 8: JURKAT Cell Lysate
Anti-PGK1 Antibody
Anti-PGK1 antibody, PA2045, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Lung Cancer Tissue
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.