Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-PKM2 Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Pyruvate kinase PKM(PKM) detection. Tested with WB in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-PKM2 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2046)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-100538|sc-135048|sc-292640|sc-365684|sc-65176|sc-65177|sc-65178 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Mouse, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human PKM2(77-91aa SHGTHEYHAETIKNV), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Pyruvate kinase PKM|
|Molecular Weight||57937 MW|
|Protein Function||Glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. Stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio betwween the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival. .|
|Tissue Specificity||Specifically expressed in proliferating cells, such as embryonic stem cells, embryonic carcinoma cells, as well as cancer cells. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the pyruvate kinase family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Translocates to the nucleus in response to different apoptotic stimuli. Nuclear translocation is sufficient to induce cell death that is caspase independent, isoform-specific and independent of its enzymatic activity.|
|Alternative Names||Pyruvate kinase PKM;18.104.22.168;Cytosolic thyroid hormone-binding protein;CTHBP;Opa-interacting protein 3;OIP-3;Pyruvate kinase 2/3;Pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme;Thyroid hormone-binding protein 1;THBP1;Tumor M2-PK;p58;PKM;OIP3, PK2, PK3, PKM2;|
|Research Areas|||signal transduction|metabolism|energy metabolism| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|cell cycle|kinases/phosphatases| cancer|tumor biomarkers|enzymes|cancer metabolism|metabolic signaling pathway|metabolism of carbohydrates| metabolism|pathways and processes|metabolic signaling pathways|carbohydrate metabolism|energy transfer pathways|types of disease||
Background for Pyruvate kinase PKM
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-PKM2 Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat|
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-PKM2 Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Lane 1: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 2: MCF-7 Cell Lysate
Lane 3: A549 Cell Lysate
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,