|Sample Size:||30ug for $99, contact us for details|
|Application:||IHC-P, ICC, WB|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-Smad2 Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2(SMAD2) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-Smad2 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1898)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-101153|sc-6200|sc-393312|sc-6200-X|sc-393312-X from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Mouse, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
|Application||IHC-P, ICC, WB
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human Smad2(94-112aa DQWDTTGLYSFSEQTRSLD), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2|
|Molecular Weight||52306 MW|
|Protein Function||Receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. May act as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma. Positively regulates PDPK1 kinase activity by stimulating its dissociation from the 14-3-3 protein YWHAQ which acts as a negative regulator. .|
|Tissue Specificity||Expressed at high levels in skeletal muscle, endothelial cells, heart and placenta. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic and nuclear in the absence of TGF-beta. On TGF-beta stimulation, migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. On dephosphorylation by phosphatase PPM1A, released from the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, and exported out of the nucleus by interaction with RANBP1.|
|Alternative Names||Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2;MAD homolog 2;Mothers against DPP homolog 2;JV18-1;Mad-related protein 2;hMAD-2;SMAD family member 2;SMAD 2;Smad2;hSMAD2;SMAD2;MADH2, MADR2;|
|Research Areas|||signal transduction|signaling pathway|nuclear signaling|smads| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|nuclear signaling pathways| stem cells|tgf beta|cytoplasmic| cancer|growth factors|tgf||
Background for Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-Smad2 Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunocytochemistry , 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-Smad2 Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Recombinant Protein Detection Source: E.coli derived -recombinant human SHC1, 35.0KD (162aa tag+D424-P578)
Lane 1: Recombinant Human SHC1 Proteins 10ng
Lane 2: Recombinant Human SHC1 Proteins 5ng
Lane 3: Recombinant Human SHC1 Proteins 2.5ng
IHC(P): Human Mammary Cancer Tissue
Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 3: SMMC Cell Lysate
Lane 4: JURKAT Cell Lysate
Lane 5: U87 Cell Lysate
Lane 6: MCF-7 Cell Lysate
ICC: HELA Cell
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,