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SKU:PA1127
Clonality:Polyclonal
Application:WB
Price: $200.00
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Overview

Product Name Anti-Topoisomerase II Alpha Antibody
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for DNA topoisomerase 2-alpha(TOP2A) detection. Tested with WB in Human.
Cite This Product Anti-Topoisomerase II Alpha Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1127)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-87488|sc-87487 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human
Predicted Species Chicken

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human Topoisomerase II alpha(1466-1480aa RKPSTSDDSDSNFEK), different from the related rat sequence by three amino acids, and different from the related mouse sequence by four amino acids
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial

Properties

Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4˚C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name TOP2A
Protein Name DNA topoisomerase 2-alpha
Molecular Weight 174385 MW
Protein Function Control of topological states of DNA by transient breakage and subsequent rejoining of DNA strands. Topoisomerase II makes double-strand breaks. Essential during mitosis and meiosis for proper segregation of daughter chromosomes. May play a role in regulating the period length of ARNTL/BMAL1 transcriptional oscillation (By similarity). .
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the type II topoisomerase family.
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasm . Nucleus, nucleoplasm . Generally located in the nucleoplasm.
Uniprot ID P11388
Alternative Names DNA topoisomerase 2-alpha;5.99.1.3;DNA topoisomerase II, alpha isozyme;TOP2A;TOP2;
Research Areas |epigenetics and nuclear signaling|chromosome structure|scaffold proteins| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|dna / rna|dna synthesis|topoisomerases| cancer|drug resistance|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for DNA topoisomerase 2-alpha

The human topoisomerase II enzyme is encoded by a single-copy gene which is mapped to 17q21-q22. The TOP2A gene spans approximately 30 kb and contains 35 exons. Furthermore, DNA topoisomerases are enzymes that control and alter the topologic states of DNA in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Topoisomerase II from eukaryotic cells catalyzes the relaxation of supercoiled DNA molecules, catenation, decatenation, knotting, and unknotting of circular DNA. It appears likely that the reaction catalyzed by topoisomerase II involves the crossing-over of 2 DNA segments. There are about 100,000 molecules of topoisomerase II per HeLa cell nucleus, constituting about 0.1% of the nuclear extract. DNA topoisomerase II-alpha is associated with the pol II holoenzyme and is a required component of chromatin-dependent coactivation. Specific inhibitors of topoisomerase II blocked transcription on chromatin templates, but did not affect transcription on naked templates. Addition of purified topoisomerase II-alpha reconstituted chromatin-dependent activation activity in reactions with core pol II.

Anti-Topoisomerase II Alpha Antibody Images

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Anti-Topoisomerase II Alpha Antibody
Anti- Topoisomerase II alpha antibody, PA1127, Western blotting
All lanes: Anti Topoisomerase II alpha (PA1127) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: HELA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 2: JURKAT Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Predicted bind size: 174KD
Observed bind size: 174KD
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FAQs

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at support@bosterbio.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact support@bosterbio.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: One other very common name is top2a antibody