|Sample Type:||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, tissue homogenates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Human APP PicoKine™ ELISA Kit|
|Description||Sandwich High Sensitivity ELISA kit for Quantitative Detection of Human APP|
|Cite This Product||Human APP PicoKine™ ELISA Kit (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # EK0658)|
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Immunogen||Expression system for standard: NSO; Immunogen sequence: L18-L688|
|Cross Reactivity||There is no detectable cross-reactivity with other relevant proteins.|
*Sensitivity, or Lower Limit of Detection (LLD), is the minimum level of target protein the ELISA assay can detect. We measure 20 blank wells and if the O.D. value is 2 standard deviations higher than the blanks' average O.D. the sample can be deemed positive.
*This assay range is determined using common samples. For samples with low target protein concentrations, users can adjust the standard curve to extend the lower limit of assay range.
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, tissue homogenates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).
*The above listed samples are the ones valided with the assay. If you do not see your sample of interest listed, as long as there is enough level of target protein present in the sample, this Picokine™ ELISA kit should detect it.
**For protocol and tips regarding preparing your sample of interest, please check our ELISA sample preparation guide.
|Capture Antibody||monoclonal antibody from mouse|
|Detection Antibody||polyclonal antibody from goat|
|Storage||Store at 4˚C for 6 months, at -20˚C for 12 months. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles(Shipped with wet ice.)|
|EK0658-CAP||96-well plate precoated with anti-Human APP antibody||1|
|EK0658-ST||lyophilized recombinant Human APP standard||20ng/tubex2|
|EK0658-DA||biotinylated anti-Human APP antibody||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1103||Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase Complex(ABC)||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1106-1||sample diluent buffer||30ml|
|AR1106-2||antibody diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1106-3||ABC diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1104||TMB color developing agent||10ml|
|AR1105||TMB stop solution||10ml|
*Additional components can be purchased. If you need extra of the above components please order them together to avoid additional shipping charges.See Prices For Extra Components
Material Required But Not Provided
- 1. Microplate reader in standard size.
- 2. Automated plate washer.
- 3. Adjustable pipettes and pipette tips. Multichannel pipettes are recommended in the condition of large amount of samples in the detection.
- 4. Clean tubes and Eppendorf tubes.
- 5. Washing buffer (neutral PBS or TBS).
- Preparation of 0.01M TBS: Add 1.2g Tris, 8.5g Nacl; 450μl of purified acetic acid or 700μl of concentrated hydrochloric acid to 1000ml H2O and adjust pH to 7.2-7.6. Finally, adjust the total volume to 1L.
- Preparation of 0.01 M PBS: Add 8.5g sodium chloride, 1.4g Na2HPO4 and 0.2g NaH2PO4 to 1000ml distilled water and adjust pH to 7.2-7.6. Finally, adjust the total volume to 1L.
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Amyloid beta A4 protein|
|Molecular Weight||86943 MW|
|Protein Function||Functions as a cell surface receptor and performs physiological functions on the surface of neurons relevant to neurite growth, neuronal adhesion and axonogenesis. Involved in cell mobility and transcription regulation through protein-protein interactions. Can promote transcription activation through binding to APBB1-KAT5 and inhibits Notch signaling through interaction with Numb. Couples to apoptosis-inducing pathways such as those mediated by G(O) and JIP. Inhibits G(o) alpha ATPase activity (By similarity). Acts as a kinesin I membrane receptor, mediating the axonal transport of beta-secretase and presenilin 1. Involved in copper homeostasis/oxidative stress through copper ion reduction. In vitro, copper-metallated APP induces neuronal death directly or is potentiated through Cu(2+)-mediated low-density lipoprotein oxidation. Can regulate neurite outgrowth through binding to components of the extracellular matrix such as heparin and collagen I and IV. The splice isoforms that contain the BPTI domain possess protease inhibitor activity. Induces a AGER- dependent pathway that involves activation of p38 MAPK, resulting in internalization of amyloid-beta peptide and leading to mitochondrial dysfunction in cultured cortical neurons. Provides Cu(2+) ions for GPC1 which are required for release of nitric oxide (NO) and subsequent degradation of the heparan sulfate chains on GPC1. .|
|Tissue Specificity||Expressed in all fetal tissues examined with highest levels in brain, kidney, heart and spleen. Weak expression in liver. In adult brain, highest expression found in the frontal lobe of the cortex and in the anterior perisylvian cortex- opercular gyri. Moderate expression in the cerebellar cortex, the posterior perisylvian cortex-opercular gyri and the temporal associated cortex. Weak expression found in the striate, extra- striate and motor cortices. Expressed in cerebrospinal fluid, and plasma. Isoform APP695 is the predominant form in neuronal tissue, isoform APP751 and isoform APP770 are widely expressed in non- neuronal cells. Isoform APP751 is the most abundant form in T- lymphocytes. Appican is expressed in astrocytes. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the APP family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Membrane, clathrin-coated pit. Cell surface protein that rapidly becomes internalized via clathrin-coated pits. During maturation, the immature APP (N-glycosylated in the endoplasmic reticulum) moves to the Golgi complex where complete maturation occurs (O-glycosylated and sulfated). After alpha-secretase cleavage, soluble APP is released into the extracellular space and the C-terminal is internalized to endosomes and lysosomes. Some APP accumulates in secretory transport vesicles leaving the late Golgi compartment and returns to the cell surface. Gamma-CTF(59) peptide is located to both the cytoplasm and nuclei of neurons. It can be translocated to the nucleus through association with APBB1 (Fe65). Beta-APP42 associates with FRPL1 at the cell surface and the complex is then rapidly internalized. APP sorts to the basolateral surface in epithelial cells. During neuronal differentiation, the Thr-743 phosphorylated form is located mainly in growth cones, moderately in neurites and sparingly in the cell body. Casein kinase phosphorylation can occur either at the cell surface or within a post-Golgi compartment. Associates with GPC1 in perinuclear compartments. Colocalizes with SORL1 in a vesicular pattern in cytoplasm and perinuclear regions.|
|Alternative Names||Amyloid beta A4 protein;ABPP;APPI;APP;Alzheimer disease amyloid protein;Cerebral vascular amyloid peptide;CVAP;PreA4;Protease nexin-II;PN-II;N-APP;Soluble APP-alpha;S-APP-alpha;Soluble APP-beta;S-APP-beta;C99;Beta-amyloid protein 42;Beta-APP42;Beta-amyloid protein 40;Beta-APP40;C83;P3(42);P3(40);C80;Gamma-secretase C-terminal fragment 59;Amyloid intracellular domain 59;AICD-59;AID(59);Gamma-CTF(59);Gamma-secretase C-terminal fragment 57;Amyloid intracellular domain 57;AICD-57;AID(57);Gamma-CTF(57);Gamma-secretase C-terminal fragment 50;Amyloid intracellular domain 50;AICD-50;AID(50);Gamma-CTF(50);C31;APP;A4, AD1;|
|Research Areas|||cell biology|apoptosis|intracellular|associated proteins| neuroscience|neurology process|neural signal transduction| signal transduction|adapters|cytoplasmic|protein trafficking|organelle proteins|neurogenesis| developmental biology|organogenesis|nervous system development||
Background for Amyloid beta A4 protein
Human APP PicoKine™ ELISA Kit Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Intra/Inter Assay Precision
|Intra-Assay Precision||Inter-Assay Precision|
Typical Data Obtained from Human APP PicoKine™ ELISA Kit
(TMB reaction incubate at 37°C for 15-20min)
*The typical data is obtained from Boster's internal QC result and for reference only. It may differ from the lab test results of the end users. It is more important that the user's lab test results reflect the same linearity demonstrated in the typical data than achieving exactly the same O.D. values.