|Sample Type:||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Human LAP(TGF-Beta1) PicoKine™ ELISA Kit|
|Description||Sandwich High Sensitivity ELISA kit for Quantitative Detection of Human LAP(TGF-beta1). 96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Cite This Product||Human LAP(TGF-Beta1) PicoKine™ ELISA Kit (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # EK1218)|
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Immunogen||Expression system for standard: sf21; Immunogen sequence: L30-R278|
|Cross Reactivity||There is no detectable cross-reactivity with other relevant proteins.|
|Pack Size||96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
*Sensitivity, or Lower Limit of Detection (LLD), is the minimum level of target protein the ELISA assay can detect. We measure 20 blank wells and if the O.D. value is 2 standard deviations higher than the blanks' average O.D. the sample can be deemed positive.
*This assay range is determined using common samples. For samples with low target protein concentrations, users can adjust the standard curve to extend the lower limit of assay range.
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).
*The above listed samples are the ones valided with the assay. If you do not see your sample of interest listed, as long as there is enough level of target protein present in the sample, this Picokine™ ELISA kit should detect it.
**For protocol and tips regarding preparing your sample of interest, please check our ELISA sample preparation guide.
|Capture Antibody||monoclonal antibody from mouse|
|Detection Antibody||polyclonal antibody from goat|
|Natural Levels||Some research articles suggesting the natural levels of TGFB1 are listed below:|
|Activating Reagent||There is no detectable cross-reactivity with other relevant proteins LAP (TGF-beta1) is mostly contained as inactive form in samples, please activate it before assay. Don’t activate recombinant LAP (TGF-beta1). Solution A: 1N HCI: add 8.33ml of 12N HCI into 91.67ml of H2O. Solution B: 1.2N NaOH/0.5M HEPES: add 12ml of 10N NaOH and 11.9g HEPES into 75ml of H2O, add H2O to adjust volume to 100ml.|
|Storage||Store at 4˚C for 6 months, at -20˚C for 12 months. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles(Shipped with wet ice.)|
|EK1218-CAP||96-well plate precoated with anti-Human TGFB1 antibody||1|
|EK1218-ST||lyophilized recombinant Human TGFB1 standard||10ng/tubex2|
|EK1218-DA||biotinylated anti-Human TGFB1 antibody||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1103||Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase Complex(ABC)||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1106-1||sample diluent buffer||30ml|
|AR1106-2||antibody diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1106-3||ABC diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1104||TMB color developing agent||10ml|
|AR1105||TMB stop solution||10ml|
|AR0030-E||PBS washing buffer||Powder for 1000ml|
Washing buffer Preparation: Disolve AR0030-E to 1000ml distilled water and adjust pH to 7.2~7.6. Finally, adjust the total volume to 1L.
*Additional components can be purchased. If you need extra of the above components please order them together to avoid additional shipping charges.See Prices For Extra Components
Material Required But Not Provided
- 1. Microplate reader in standard size.
- 2. Automated plate washer.
- 3. Adjustable pipettes and pipette tips. Multichannel pipettes are recommended in the condition of large amount of samples in the detection.
- 4. Clean tubes and Eppendorf tubes.
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Transforming growth factor beta-1|
|Molecular Weight||44341 MW|
|Protein Function||Multifunctional protein that controls proliferation, differentiation and other functions in many cell types. Many cells synthesize TGFB1 and have specific receptors for it. It positively and negatively regulates many other growth factors. It plays an important role in bone remodeling as it is a potent stimulator of osteoblastic bone formation, causing chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation in committed osteoblasts. Can promote either T- helper 17 cells (Th17) or regulatory T-cells (Treg) lineage differentiation in a concentration-dependent manner. At high concentrations, leads to FOXP3-mediated suppression of RORC and down-regulation of IL-17 expression, favoring Treg cell development. At low concentrations in concert with IL-6 and IL-21, leads to expression of the IL-17 and IL-23 receptors, favoring differentiation to Th17 cells. .|
|Tissue Specificity||Highly expressed in bone. Abundantly expressed in articular cartilage and chondrocytes and is increased in osteoarthritis (OA). Colocalizes with ASPN in chondrocytes within OA lesions of articular cartilage. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the TGF-beta family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix .|
|Alternative Names||Transforming growth factor beta-1;TGF-beta-1;Latency-associated peptide;LAP;TGFB1;TGFB;|
|Research Areas|||cardiovascular|angiogenesis|growth factors|tgf| signal transduction|growth factors/hormones| stem cells|signaling pathways|tgf beta|secreted| cancer|invasion/microenvironment|angiogenic growth factors| developmental biology|organogenesis|angiogenesis and vasculogenesis|cancer metabolism|response to hypoxia| metabolism|pathways and processes|cofactors, vitamins / minerals|co-factors|metabolism processes|types of disease||
Background for Transforming growth factor beta-1
Human LAP(TGF-Beta1) PicoKine™ ELISA Kit Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Intra/Inter Assay Precision
|Intra-Assay Precision||Inter-Assay Precision|
Typical Data Obtained from Human LAP(TGF-Beta1) PicoKine™ ELISA Kit
(TMB reaction incubate at 37°C for 15-20 min)
*The typical data is obtained from Boster's internal QC result and for reference only. It may differ from the lab test results of the end users. It is more important that the user's lab test results reflect the same linearity demonstrated in the typical data than achieving exactly the same O.D. values.