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Thereby, may regulate the aggregation and promote the functional recovery of misfolded proteins like HTT, MC4R, PRKN, RHO and SOD1 and be crucial for many biological processes (PubMed:12754272, PubMed:20889486, PubMed:21719532, PubMed:22396390, PubMed:24023695). Isoform 1 which is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum membranes may specifically be the ER-associated protein degradation of misfolded proteins (PubMed:15936278).
|Sequence:||2; NC_000002.12 (219279366..219286895)|
More abundantly expressed in neocortex, cerebellum, spinal cord and retina where it is expressed by neuronal cells (at protein level) (PubMed:1599432, PubMed:12754272). Detected at much lower level in non-neuronal tissues including kidney, lung, heart, skeletal muscle, spleen and testis (at protein level) (PubMed:12754272, PubMed:1599432). Isoform 1 is more abundant in neocortex and cerebellum compared to isoform 2 (at protein level) (PubMed:12754272).
[Isoform 2]: Cytoplasm. Nucleus.; [Isoform 1]: Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side.