|Size||96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, serum, plasma(heparin, EDTA) and human milk.|
|Product Name||Human TGF Alpha PicoKine™ ELISA Kit|
|Storage & Handling||Store at 4°C for 6 months, at -20°C for 12 months. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles(Shipped with wet ice.)|
|Size||96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Description||Sandwich High Sensitivity ELISA kit for Quantitative Detection of Human TGF alpha. 96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Cite This Product||Human TGF Alpha PicoKine™ ELISA Kit (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # EK0511)|
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, serum, plasma(heparin, EDTA) and human milk..
Anticoagulant(s): heparin or EDTA
*The recommended anticoagulants are proven to not block the antibody binding sites on the target antigen. Please do not collect blood sample with other anticoagulants that are not specified above or contact us to check for feasibility.
|Immunogen||Expression system for standard: E.coli, Immunogen sequence: V40-A89|
|Cross Reactivity||There is cross-reactivity with TGF beta 2, TGF beta 3, TGF beta 5<1%.|
|Antibody Clonalities||Capture Antibody | Detection Antibody:
monoclonal antibody from mouse|polyclonal antibody from goat
|EK0511-CAP||96-well plate precoated with anti-Human TGFA antibody||1|
|EK0511-ST||lyophilized recombinant Human TGFA standard||10ng/tube|
|EK0511-DA||biotinylated anti-Human TGFA antibody||130ul|
|AR1106-1||sample diluent buffer||30ml|
|AR1106-2||antibody diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1106-3||ABC diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1104||TMB color developing agent||10ml|
|AR1105||TMB stop solution||10ml|
*Why there is no wash buffer? Our Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase Diluent contains the detergent (TWEEN) normally present in other companies' ELISA kits. This saves you the step of having to wash with the special wash buffer and achieve similar or better signal to noise ratio. The wash can use regular wash buffers (PBS, TBS etc.) commonly found in labs.
Materials Required But Not Provided
- Microplate reader in standard size.
- Automated plate washer.
- Adjustable pipettes and pipette tips. Multichannel pipettes are recommended in the condition of large amount of samples in the detection.
- Clean tubes and Eppendorf tubes.
- Washing buffer (neutral PBS or TBS).
- Preparation of 0.01M TBS: Add 1.2g Tris, 8.5g NaCl; 450μl of purified acetic acid or 700μl of concentrated hydrochloric acid to 1000ml H2
- Preparation of 0.01 M PBS: Add 8.5g sodium chloride, 1.4g Na O and adjust pH to 7.2-7.
Typical Data Obtained from Human TGF Alpha PicoKine™ ELISA Kit
(TMB reaction incubate at 37°C for 15-25min)
Intra/Inter Assay Precision
|Intra-Assay Precision||Inter-Assay Precision|
Three samples with differing target protein concentrations were assayed using four different lots to measure the CV% lot to lot variance.
To assay reproducibility, three samples with differing target protein concentrations were assayed using four different lots.
|Lots||Lot1 (pg/ml)||Lot2 (pg/ml)||Lot3 (pg/ml)||Lot4 (pg/ml)||Mean (pg/ml)||Standard Deviation||CV (%)|
*The typical data is obtained from Boster's internal QC result and for reference only. It may differ from the lab test results of the end users. It is more important that the user's lab test results reflect the same linearity demonstrated in the typical data than achieving exactly the same O.D. values.
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Protransforming growth factor alpha|
|Tissue Specificity||Isoform 1, isoform 3 and isoform 4 are expressed in keratinocytes and tumor-derived cell lines. .|
|Alternative Names||Protransforming growth factor alpha;Transforming growth factor alpha;TGF-alpha;EGF-like TGF;ETGF;TGF type 1;TGFA;|
|Subcellular Localization||Transforming growth factor alpha: Secreted, extracellular space.|
|Molecular Weight||17006 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||TGF alpha is a mitogenic polypeptide that is able to bind to the EGF receptor/EGFR and to act synergistically with TGF beta to promote anchorage-independent cell proliferation in soft agar.|
|Research Areas||Angiogenesis, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Growth Factors, Growth Factors/Hormones, Invasion/Microenvironment, Signal Transduction
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||Transforming growth factor alpha(TGF-alpha) is upregulated in some human cancers. It is produced in macrophages, brain cells, and keratinocytes, and induces epithelial development. It is closely related to EGF, and can also bind to the EGF receptor with similar effects. TGFalpha stimulates neural cell proliferation in the adult injured brain. Transforming growth factor alpha gene(TGFA) maps to human chromosome 2 close to the breakpoint of the t(2;8) variant translocation in Burkitt lymphoma. Synthetic TGF-alpha was as active as murine epidermal growth factor in binding to the epidermal growth factor receptor and in stimulation of anchorage-dependent and of anchorage-independent growth of normal indicator cells in culture. Synthetic TGF-alpha stimulated plasminogen activator production in A 431 and HeLa cells; the stimulation was similar to that induced by epidermal growth factor. Furthermore, synthetic human TGF-alpha showed similar immunoreactivity when compared with rat TGF-alpha. Thus, the 50-amino acid TGF-alpha is likely to be the bioactive principle produced and secreted by tumor cell lines.|
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1. Diluent the samples with the provided sample diluent buffer into 100ul.
2. Add 50ul of standard solution, when 50ul of sample will be added into a well.
• Add tissue homogenates into the wells and then add ABC and TMB without adding any biotinylated detection antibody to see if any signal will be observed.
• If no signal is produced, then you can work on the tissue sample by using the kit.
The 1XTBS can be used if the pH value falls in the range of 7.2-7.6.
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