|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Product Name||Anti-Cytoglobin/CYGB Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Cytoglobin(CYGB) detection. Tested with WB in Human;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-Cytoglobin/CYGB Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1657)|
|Contents/Buffer||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human Cytoglobin(50-68aa FVNFPSAKQYFSQFKHMED), identical to the related rat sequence, different from the related mouse sequence by one amino acid.|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-Cytoglobin antibody, PA1657, Western blotting
All lanes: Anti Cytoglobin (PA1657) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 2: Rat Small Intestine Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 3: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 4: Rat Kidney Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 5: SGC Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 6: COLO320 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 7: SMMC Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 8: PANC Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 9: HELA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Predicted bind size: 21KD
Observed bind size: 21KD
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Tissue Specificity||Ubiquitously expressed. Highest expression in heart, stomach, bladder and small intestine. .|
|Alternative Names||Cytoglobin;Histoglobin;HGb;Stellate cell activation-associated protein;CYGB;STAP;|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm .|
|Molecular Weight||21405 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||May have a protective function during conditions of oxidative stress. May be involved in intracellular oxygen storage or transfer.|
|Research Areas||Human, Mouse, Rat
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||Cytoglobin(CYGB), also called HGB or STAP, is a ubiquitously expressed hexacoordinate hemoglobin that may facilitate diffusion of oxygen through tissues, scavenge nitric oxide or other reactive oxygen species, or serve a protective function during oxidative stress. The cytoglobin gene is mapped on 17q25.1. The CYGB gene contains 4 exons and spans about 9 kb. Cytoglobin has many elements common to vertebrate globins, including invariant histidine residues, and the amino acids that form the heme pocket share similarity with pentacoordinate myoglobin. In contrast to the high oxygen affinities displayed by most hexacoordinate hemoglobins, the characteristics of CYGB indicate that it can facilitate oxygen transport. Because the oxygen affinity of CYGB is more similar to myoglobin than to neuroglobin, and the oxy form of CYGB resists autooxidation, CYGB is proposed to represent a tissue oxygen reservoir by Sawai et al.|
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Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugationA: Yes, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WBA: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugationA: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact email@example.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signalA: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:<br>1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected<br>2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands <br><br>3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody. <br><br>4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.<br>5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher., <br>
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.