|Product Name||Anti-MAPK1/3 Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-MAPK1/3 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1049)|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human MAPK1/3(171-184aa ARVADPDHDHTGFL), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-MAPK1/3 antibody, PA1049, Western blotting
WB: HELA Cell Lysate
Anti-MAPK1/3 antibody, PA1049, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Mammary Cancer Tissue
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1|
|Alternative Names||Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1;MAP kinase 1;MAPK 1;18.104.22.168;ERT1;Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2;ERK-2;MAP kinase isoform p42;p42-MAPK;Mitogen-activated protein kinase 2;MAP kinase 2;MAPK 2;MAPK1;ERK2, PRKM1, PRKM2;|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle . Nucleus. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cytoplasm. Associated with the spindle during prometaphase and metaphase (By similarity). PEA15- binding and phosphorylated DAPK1 promote its cytoplasmic retention. Phosphorylation at Ser- 246 and Ser-248 as well as autophosphorylation at Thr-190 promote nuclear localization. .|
|Molecular Weight||41390 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Serine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. MAPK1/ERK2 and MAPK3/ERK1 are the 2 MAPKs which play an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade. They participate also in a signaling cascade initiated by activated KIT and KITLG/SCF. Depending on the cellular context, the MAPK/ERK cascade mediates diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation through the regulation of transcription, translation, cytoskeletal rearrangements. The MAPK/ERK cascade plays also a role in initiation and regulation of meiosis, mitosis, and postmitotic functions in differentiated cells by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors. About 160 substrates have already been discovered for ERKs. Many of these substrates are localized in the nucleus, and seem to participate in the regulation of transcription upon stimulation. However, other substrates are found in the cytosol as well as in other cellular organelles, and those are responsible for processes such as translation, mitosis and apoptosis. Moreover, the MAPK/ERK cascade is also involved in the regulation of the endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC); as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. The substrates include transcription factors (such as ATF2, BCL6, ELK1, ERF, FOS, HSF4 or SPZ1), cytoskeletal elements (such as CANX, CTTN, GJA1, MAP2, MAPT, PXN, SORBS3 or STMN1), regulators of apoptosis (such as BAD, BTG2, CASP9, DAPK1, IER3, MCL1 or PPARG), regulators of translation (such as EIF4EBP1) and a variety of other signaling-related molecules (like ARHGEF2, DCC, FRS2 or GRB10). Protein kinases (such as RAF1, RPS6KA1/RSK1, RPS6KA3/RSK2, RPS6KA2/RSK3, RPS6KA6/RSK4, SYK, MKNK1/MNK1, MKNK2/MNK2, RPS6KA5/MSK1, RPS6KA4/MSK2, MAPKAPK3 or MAPKAPK5) and phosphatases (such as DUSP1, DUSP4, DUSP6 or DUSP16) are other substrates which enable the propagation the MAPK/ERK signal to additional cytosolic and nuclear targets, thereby extending the specificity of the cascade. Mediates phosphorylation of TPR in respons to EGF stimulation. May play a role in the spindle assembly checkpoint. Phosphorylates PML and promotes its interaction with PIN1, leading to PML degradation.|
|Background||MAPK1(ERK2) shares high homology with MAPK3(ERK1). MAP kinase phosphatase as a locus of flexibility in a mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling network. Mitogen-activated protein(MAP) kinases [also known as Erks] have been established to function as important mediators of signal transduction by growth factor receptors. ERK1/ERK2-dependent activation of endogenous ribosomal transcription, while inactivation of ERK1/ERK2 causes an equally immediate reversion to the basal transcription level. ERK1/ERK2 was found to phosphorylate the architectural transcription factor UBF at amino acids 117 and 201 within HMG boxes 1 and 2, preventing their interaction with DNA. Mutation of these sites inhibited transcription activation and abrogated the transcriptional response to ERK1/ERK2.|
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1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,