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Pack Size:100μg/vial
Validated Species:Human, Mouse, Rat
Application:Flow Cytometry, IHC, ICC, WB
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Product Name Anti-NM23A Antibody
SKU/Catalog Number PA1829
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Nucleoside diphosphate kinase A(NME1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC, FCM in Human;Mouse;Rat.
Cite This Product Anti-NM23A Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1829)
Replacement Item This antibody may replace the following items: sc-136141|sc-14787|sc-14789|sc-14790|sc-166937|sc-17586|sc-17587|sc-28829|sc-343|sc-465|sc-514515|sc-514515-X|sc-56928 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Host Rabbit
Isotype N/A
Validated Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Predicted Species Hamster

*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.

Application Flow Cytometry, IHC, ICC, WB

*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.

**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.

Recommended Detection Systems Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P), IHC(F) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2018!
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human NM23A(137-152aa EELVDYTSCAQNWIYE), different from the related mouse sequence by two amino acids and from rat sequence by one amino acid.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Pack Size 100μg/vial


Clonality Polyclonal
Form Lyophilized
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
Concentration Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Storage At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Isotype N/A

Protein Target Info (Source:

You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.

Gene Name NME1
Protein Name Nucleoside diphosphate kinase A(NDK A)
Molecular Weight 17149 MW
Protein Function Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Possesses nucleoside-diphosphate kinase, serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, geranyl and farnesyl pyrophosphate kinase, histidine protein kinase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities. Involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development, signal transduction, G protein- coupled receptor endocytosis, and gene expression. Required for neural development including neural patterning and cell fate determination. During GZMA-mediated cell death, works in concert with TREX1. NME1 nicks one strand of DNA and TREX1 removes bases from the free 3' end to enhance DNA damage and prevent DNA end reannealing and rapid repair. .
Tissue Specificity Isoform 1 is expressed in heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, pancreas, spleen and thymus. Expressed in lung carcinoma cell lines but not in normal lung tissues. Isoform 2 is ubiquitously expressed and its expression is also related to tumor differentiation. Isoform 3 is ubiquitously expressed. .
Sequence Similarities Belongs to the NDK family.
Subcellular Localization Cytoplasm . Nucleus . Cell-cycle dependent nuclear localization which can be induced by interaction with Epstein-barr viral proteins or by degradation of the SET complex by GzmA.
Uniprot ID P15531
Alternative Names Nucleoside diphosphate kinase A;NDK A;NDP kinase A;;Granzyme A-activated DNase;GAAD;Metastasis inhibition factor nm23;NM23-H1;Tumor metastatic process-associated protein;NME1;NDPKA, NM23;
Research Areas |epigenetics and nuclear signaling|transcription|cancer susceptibility|tumor suppressors|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.

Background for Nucleoside diphosphate kinase A(NDK A)

NME1(NME/NM23 nucleoside diphosphate kinase 1) also called non-metastatic cells 1, protein(NM23A) expressed in,NM23, NM23-H1, NDPKA, GAAD or AWD, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the NME1 gene. The promoters of the mouse and human NME1 genes, like those of other NME genes, contain several binding sites for AP2, NF1, Sp1, LEF1, and response elements to glucocorticoid receptors. The NME1 gene is mapped on 17q21.33. Immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated colocalization of NME1 in nuclei of B cells expressing EBNA3C. Expression of EBNA3C reversed the ability of NME1 to inhibit migration of BL and breast carcinoma cells. NM23H1 bound SET and was released from inhibition by GZMA cleavage of SET. After GZMA loading or cytotoxic T lymphocyte attack, SET and NM23H1 translocated to the nucleus and SET was degraded, allowing NM23H1 to nick chromosomal DNA. Using a Drosophila model system, Dammai et al.(2003) showed that the Drosophila NME1 homolog, awd, regulates trachea cell motility by modulating FGFR levels through a dynamin -mediated pathway.

Anti-NM23A Antibody Images

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Anti-NM23A Antibody
Figure 1. Western blot analysis of NM23A using anti- NM23A antibody (PA1829).
Electrophoresis was performed on a 5-20% SDS-PAGE gel at 70V (Stacking gel) / 90V (Resolving gel) for 2-3 hours. The sample well of each lane was loaded with 50ug of sample under reducing conditions.
Lane 1: Rat Heart Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate
Lane 4: Rat Skeletal Muscle Tissue Lysate
Lane 5: PANC Cell Lysate
Lane 6: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 7: SKOV Cell Lysate
Lane 8: COLO320 Cell Lysate
After Electrophoresis, proteins were transferred to a Nitrocellulose membrane at 150mA for 50-90 minutes. Blocked the membrane with 5% Non-fat Milk/ TBS for 1.5 hour at RT. The membrane was incubated with rabbit anti- NM23A antigen affinity purified polyclonal antibody (Catalog # PA1829) at 0.5 μg/mL overnight at 4°C, then washed with TBS-0.1%Tween 3 times with 5 minutes each and probed with a goat anti-rabbit IgG-HRP secondary antibody at a dilution of 1:10000 for 1.5 hour at RT. The signal is developed using an Enhanced Chemiluminescent detection (ECL) kit (Catalog # EK1002) with Tanon 5200 system. A specific band was detected for NM23A at approximately 17KD. The expected band size for NM23A is at 17KD.
Anti-NM23A Antibody
Figure 2. IHC analysis of NM23A using anti- NM23A antibody (PA1829).
NM23A was detected in paraffin-embedded section of Rat Cerebellum tissues. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed in citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution) for 20 mins. The tissue section was blocked with 10% goat serum. The tissue section was then incubated with 1μg/ml rabbit anti- NM23A Antibody (PA1829) overnight at 4°C. Biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody and incubated for 30 minutes at 37°C. The tissue section was developed using Strepavidin-Biotin-Complex (SABC)(Catalog # SA1022) with DAB as the chromogen.
Anti-NM23A Antibody
Figure 3. IHC analysis of NM23A using anti- NM23A antibody (PA1829).
NM23A was detected in immunocytochemical section of HELA Cell. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed in citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution) for 20 mins. The tissue section was blocked with 10% goat serum. The tissue section was then incubated with 1μg/ml rabbit anti- NM23A Antibody (PA1829) overnight at 4°C. Biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody and incubated for 30 minutes at 37°C. The tissue section was developed using Strepavidin-Biotin-Complex (SABC)(Catalog # SA1022) with DAB as the chromogen.
Anti-NM23A Antibody
Figure 4. Flow Cytometry analysis of Hela cells using anti-NME1 antibody (PA1829).
Overlay histogram showing Hela cells stained with PA1829 (Blue line).The cells were blocked with 10% normal goat serum. And then incubated with rabbit anti-NME1 Antibody (PA1829,1μg/1x106 cells) for 30 min at 20°C. DyLight®488 conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (BA1127, 5-10μg/1x106 cells) was used as secondary antibody for 30 minutes at 20°C. Isotype control antibody (Green line) was rabbit IgG (1μg/1x106) used under the same conditions. Unlabelled sample (Red line) was also used as a control.
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Customer Q&As

Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugation
A: Yes, please contact us at for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WB
A: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugation
A: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact
Q: What should I use for negative control?
A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signal
A: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?
A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "Immunogen" and clonality in the product name.
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?
A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands

3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.

4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?
A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?
A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?
A: One other very common name is nm23 antibody