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Boster offers custom polyclonal antibody production for researchers who use non-mammalian models such as Zebrafish, Drophila, C. elegans and Yeast at $600. Contact us for a free consultation.
Boster offers high quality custom antibody production services, including Rabbit and Mouse monoclonal, as well as rabbit polyclonal. For Hu, Mo and Ra targets, we provide Immunoassay development service.For non-hu-mo-ra targets,take advantage of our $600 rare species custom polyclonal program.
Boster provides plate-based multiplex cytokine immunoassay service for analytes from human, mouse and rat. Contact us today and get a free consultation.
Boster offers custom recombinant protein expression service. Available expresssion systems include E. Coli, Yeast, Insect and Mamalian Cells. Get a free consultation today.
Boster offers custom DNA synthesis service for as low as $0.08 per bp. Any gene cloning into any vector, 100% accuracy, Fast turn around time. Get a free consultation today.
Boster offers a full range of lab services for immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF). Get a free consultation today.
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Breast Cancer Regulation
Most commonly, secondary antibodies are generated by immunizing the host animal with a pooled population of immunoglobulins from the target species. The host antiserum is then purified through immunoaffinity chromatography to remove all host serum proteins, except the specific antibody of interest, and then modified with antibody fragmentation, label conjugation, etc., to generate highly specific detection reagents. Secondary antibodies can be conjugated to a large number of labels, including enzymes, biotin, fluorescent dyes/proteins, or gold particles. Here, the antibody provides the specificity to locate the protein of interest by recognizing a primary antibody that targets a particular antigen, and the label generates a detectable signal in the area of the formed immune complexes. The label of choice depends upon the experimental application.
Fluorescent reporters widely used in biological research are of two types: organic compounds with a low molecular weight (0.2-1 kDa) typically containing numerous aromatic groups, or plane or cyclic moieties with π bonds (e.g.FITC, TRITC, Alexa Fluor Dyes, DyLight Fluors), and biological fluorophores (e.g.green fluorescent protein (GFP), R-Phycoerythrin). Cy3 is a cyanine dye with 3 carbon atoms/methine groups between two indolenine groups, NHS-ester, sulfonated at both indoles. It fluoresces greenish yellow with excitation max at ~550 nm and emission at ~570 nm. Cy3 can be detected by various fluorometers, imagers, and microscopes with standard filters for Tetramethylrhodamine (TRITC). Due to inherently high extinction coefficient, this dye is also easily detected by naked eye on gels, and in solution. Cy3 can be excited to about 50% of maximum with an argon laser (514 nm or 528 nm lines), or to about 75% of maximum with a helium/neon laser (543 nm line) or mercury lamp (546 nm line). For double labeling Cy3 has been typically used with Cy5, with fluorescein (using narrow band-pass emission filter to minimize Cy3 fluorescence in the FITC filter set), and also with with Alexa Fluor 647 for multiple labeling when using a confocal microscope. Analog of Cy3 with greater photostability and higher fluorescence intensity suited for various biological applications such as imaging and flow cytometry, is Alexa Fluor 555 dye.
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*Get a FREE HRP or Biotin secondary antibody by buying it with a primary antibody.
Boster offers all reagents you need for WB, IHC and PCR. You can enjoy the same quality reagents at a fraction of the cost.
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