Anti-S100 beta/S100B Antibody
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Product Name||Anti-S100 beta/S100B Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Protein S100-B(S100B) detection. Tested with WB in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-S100 beta/S100B Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1303)|
|Contents/Buffer||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human S100 beta(64-78aa DGDGECDFQEFMAFV), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-S100 beta antibody, PA1303, Western blotting
Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: MCF-7 Cell Lysate
Lane 4: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 5: SMMC Cell Lysate
Lane 6: JURKAT Cell Lysate
Lane 7: COLO320 Cell Lysate
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Protein S100-B|
|Tissue Specificity||Although predominant among the water-soluble brain proteins, S100 is also found in a variety of other tissues.|
|Alternative Names||Protein S100-B;S-100 protein beta chain;S-100 protein subunit beta;S100 calcium-binding protein B;S100B;|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm . Nucleus .|
|Molecular Weight||10713 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Weakly binds calcium but binds zinc very tightly- distinct binding sites with different affinities exist for both ions on each monomer. Physiological concentrations of potassium ion antagonize the binding of both divalent cations, especially affecting high-affinity calcium-binding sites. Binds to and initiates the activation of STK38 by releasing autoinhibitory intramolecular interactions within the kinase. Interaction with AGER after myocardial infarction may play a role in myocyte apoptosis by activating ERK1/2 and p53/TP53 signaling. Could assist ATAD3A cytoplasmic processing, preventing aggregation and favoring mitochondrial localization. May mediate calcium-dependent regulation on many physiological processes by interacting with other proteins, such as TPR-containing proteins, and modulating their activity. .|
|Research Areas||Human, Mouse, Rat
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||S100 calcium binding protein B or S100B is a protein of the S-100 protein family. S100 genes include at least 13 members which are located as a cluster on chromosome 1q21; however, this gene is located at 21q22.3. S100B is a glial-derived protein that is a well-established biomarker for severity of neurological injury and prognosis for recovery. S100 beta is a calcium-binding protein that is expressed at high levels in brain primarily by astrocytes. Addition of the disulfide-bonded dimeric form of S100 beta to primary neuronal and glial cultures and established cell lines induces axonal extension and alterations in astrocyte proliferation and phenotype, but evidence that S100 beta exerts the same effects in vivo has not been presented. Reeves et al.(1994) demonstrated that the same effects of the S100B protein are exerted in vivo. They found that both astrocytosis and neurite proliferation occurred in transgenic mice expressing elevated levels of S100b. They suggested that these transgenic mice represent a useful model for studies of the role of S100B in glial-neuronal interactions in normal development and function of the brain and for analyzing the significance of elevated levels of the protein in Down syndrome and Alzheimer disease.|
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Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugationA: Yes, please contact us at email@example.com for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WBA: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugationA: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Q: What should I use for negative control?A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signalA: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:<br>1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected<br>2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands <br><br>3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody. <br><br>4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.<br>5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher., <br>
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?A: Some common names include but are not limited to s100 antibody, s100b antibody, nef antibody