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Can edit both viral and cellular RNAs and can edit RNAs at multiple sites (hyper-editing) or at particular sites (site-specific editing). Its cellular RNA substrates include: bladder cancer- associated protein (BLCAP), neurotransmitter receptors for glutamate (GRIA2 and GRIK2) and serotonin (HTR2C), GABA receptor (GABRA3) and potassium voltage-gated channel (KCNA1).
|Sequence:||21; NC_000021.9 (45074578..45226563)|
Highly expressed in brain and heart and at lower levels in placenta. Fair expression in lung, liver and kidney. Detected in brain, heart, kidney, lung and liver (at protein level). Isoform 5 is high expressed in hippocampus and colon. Isoform 5 is expressed in pediatric astrocytomas and the protein has a decreased RNA-editing activity. The decrease in RNA editing correlates with the grade of malignancy of the tumors, with the high grade tumors showing lower editing is seen.
Nucleus. Nucleus, nucleolus. Shuttles between nucleoli and the nucleoplasm.