|Validated Species:||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Application:||IHC, ICC, WB|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-AIF Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial(AIFM1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-AIF Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2232)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-13116|sc-390619|sc-55519|sc-5586|sc-9416|sc-9417 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Mouse, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
|Application||IHC, ICC, WB
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P), IHC(F) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human AIF(596-613aa EQHEDLNEVAKLFNIHED), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial|
|Molecular Weight||66901 MW|
|Protein Function||Functions both as NADH oxidoreductase and as regulator of apoptosis. In response to apoptotic stimuli, it is released from the mitochondrion intermembrane space into the cytosol and to the nucleus, where it functions as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway. In contrast, functions as an antiapoptotic factor in normal mitochondria via its NADH oxidoreductase activity. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e. caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA. Interacts with EIF3G,and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates casapse-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase- independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner. .|
|Tissue Specificity||Detected in muscle and skin fibroblasts (at protein level). Isoform 5 is frequently down-regulated in human cancers. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Proteolytic cleavage during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) results in the formation of an inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, further proteolytic processing leads to a mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis. Colocalizes with EIF3G in the nucleus and perinuclear region.|
|Alternative Names||Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial;1.1.1.-;Programmed cell death protein 8;AIFM1;AIF, PDCD8;|
|Research Areas|||cell biology|apoptosis|nucleus|chromatin condensation| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|cell cycle|nuclear| cancer|invasion/microenvironment| metabolism|pathways and processes|redox metabolism|oxidative stress|metabolism processes|cell death||
Background for Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-AIF Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunocytochemistry , 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat|
Immunohistochemistry(Frozen Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Rat, Human, Mouse
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-AIF Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
IHC(P): Human Lung Cancer Tissue
IHC(P): Rat Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Lane 1: Rat Heart Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: K562 Cell Lysate
Lane 4: HEPG2 Cell Lysate
Lane 5: A431 Cell Lysate
Lane 6: NIH3T3 Cell Lysate
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,