|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Product Name||Anti-ATF4 Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4(ATF4) detection. Tested with WB in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-ATF4 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1537)|
|Contents/Buffer||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human ATF4(332-351aa QYLKDLIEEVRKARGKKRVP), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-ATF4 antibody, PA1537, Western blotting
All lanes: Anti ATF4 (PA1537) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: A431 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 2: RAJI Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 3: CEM Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 4: HUT Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Predicted bind size: 39KD
Observed bind size: 39KD
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4|
|Alternative Names||Cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4;cAMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4;Activating transcription factor 4;Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 2;CREB-2;cAMP-responsive element-binding protein 2;DNA-binding protein TAXREB67;Tax-responsive enhancer element-binding protein 67;TaxREB67;ATF4;CREB2, TXREB;|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Colocalizes with GABBR1 in hippocampal neuron dendritic membranes (By similarity). Co- localizes with NEK6 in the centrosome. .|
|Molecular Weight||38590 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Transcriptional activator. Binds the cAMP response element (CRE) (consensus: 5'-GTGACGT[AC][AG]-3'), a sequence present in many viral and cellular promoters. Cooperates with FOXO1 in osteoblasts to regulate glucose homeostasis through suppression of beta-cell production and decrease in insulin production (By similarity). It binds to a Tax-responsive enhancer element in the long terminal repeat of HTLV-I. Regulates the induction of DDIT3/CHOP and asparagine synthetase (ASNS) in response to ER stress. In concert with DDIT3/CHOP, activates the transcription of TRIB3 and promotes ER stress-induced neuronal apoptosis by regulating the transcriptional induction of BBC3/PUMA. Activates transcription of SIRT4. Regulates the circadian expression of the core clock component PER2 and the serotonin transporter SLC6A4. Binds in a circadian time-dependent manner to the cAMP response elements (CRE) in the SLC6A4 and PER2 promoters and periodically activates the transcription of these genes. .|
|Research Areas||Human, Mouse, Rat
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||ATF4, Activating Transcription Factor 4, is also know as CREB2. ATF4 belongs to the large ATF/CREB family of transcription factors which bind DNA via their basic region and dimerize via their leucine zipper domain to form a variety of homo- and heterodimers to regulate gene transcription. It is identified that members of this family share significant sequence similarity within a leucine zipper DNA-binding motif and an adjacent basic region. The ATF4 gene is mapped to chromosome 22. Unlike CREB, which activates transcription from CRE-containing promoters, CREB2 functions as a specific repressor of CRE-dependent transcription. The transcriptional repressor activity resides within the C-terminal leucine zipper and basic domain region of the CREB2 protein.|
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Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugationA: Yes, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WBA: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugationA: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact email@example.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signalA: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:<br>1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected<br>2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands <br><br>3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody. <br><br>4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.<br>5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher., <br>
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?A: Some common names include but are not limited to atf4 antibody, atf 4 antibody