Anti-Estrogen Inducible Protein pS2/TFF1 Antibody
|Product Name||Anti-Estrogen Inducible Protein pS2/TFF1 Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Trefoil factor 1(TFF1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-Estrogen Inducible Protein pS2/TFF1 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1689)|
|Contents/Buffer||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence in the middle region of human Estrogen Inducible Protein pS2(67-84aa WCFYPNTIDVPPEEECEF).|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-Estrogen Inducible Protein Ps2 antibody, PA1689, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Human Gastric Cancer Tissue
Anti-Estrogen Inducible Protein Ps2 antibody, PA1689, Western blotting
WB: MCF-7 Cell Lysate
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Trefoil factor 1|
|Tissue Specificity||Found in stomach, with highest levels in the upper gastric mucosal cells (at protein level). Detected in goblet cells of the small and large intestine and rectum, small submucosal glands in the esophagus, mucous acini of the sublingual gland, submucosal glands of the trachea, and epithelial cells lining the exocrine pancreatic ducts but not in the remainder of the pancreas (at protein level). Scattered expression is detected in the epithelial cells of the gallbladder and submucosal glands of the vagina, and weak expression is observed in the bronchial goblet cells of the pseudostratified epithelia in the respiratory system (at protein level). Detected in urine (at protein level). Strongly expressed in breast cancer but at low levels in normal mammary tissue. It is regulated by estrogen in MCF-7 cells. Strong expression found in normal gastric mucosa and in the regenerative tissues surrounding ulcerous lesions of gastrointestinal tract, but lower expression found in gastric cancer (at protein level). .|
|Alternative Names||Trefoil factor 1;Breast cancer estrogen-inducible protein;PNR-2;Polypeptide P1.A;hP1.A;Protein pS2;TFF1;BCEI, PS2;|
|Subcellular Localization||Secreted .|
|Molecular Weight||9150 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Stabilizer of the mucous gel overlying the gastrointestinal mucosa that provides a physical barrier against various noxious agents. May inhibit the growth of calcium oxalate crystals in urine. .|
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||TFF1(Trefoil factor 1), also known as pS2, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TFF1 gene. Members of the trefoil family are characterized by having at least one copy of the trefoil motif, a 40-amino acid domain that contains three conserved disulfides. They are stable secretory proteins expressed in gastrointestinal mucosa. Their functions are not defined, but they may protect the mucosa from insults, stabilize the mucus layer, and affect healing of the epithelium. It is found that TFF1 in normal human urine inhibited the growth of calcium oxalate crystals. Urinary TFF1 showed an inhibitory potency similar to that of nephrocalcin, and inhibition was dose dependent and inhibited by TFF1 antisera, particularly by antisera directed to the TFF1 C terminus. Concentrations and relative amounts of TFF1 in the urine of patients with idiopathic calcium oxalate kidney stones were significantly less than those found in controls. This gene, which is expressed in the gastric mucosa, has also been studied because of its expression in human tumors. This gene and two other related trefoil family member genes are found in a cluster on chromosome 21.|
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Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugationA: Yes, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WBA: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugationA: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact email@example.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signalA: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:<br>1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected<br>2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands <br><br>3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody. <br><br>4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.<br>5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher., <br>
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?A: Some common names include but are not limited to ps 2 antibody, ps2 antibody, hp1a antibody, tff1 antibody