|Validated Species:||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-NAK Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Serine/threonine-protein kinase TBK1(TBK1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-NAK Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2117)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-9912|sc-9085|sc-9911|sc-9910|sc-73115|sc-52957|sc-398366 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Mouse, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2018!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human NAK(577-590aa YNEEQIHKFDKQKL), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Serine/threonine-protein kinase TBK1|
|Molecular Weight||83642 MW|
|Protein Function||Serine/threonine kinase that plays an essential role in regulating inflammatory responses to foreign agents. Following activation of toll-like receptors by viral or bacterial components, associates with TRAF3 and TANK and phosphorylates interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) IRF3 and IRF7 as well as DDX3X. This activity allows subsequent homodimerization and nuclear translocation of the IRFs leading to transcriptional activation of pro-inflammatory and antiviral genes including IFNA and IFNB. In order to establish such an antiviral state, TBK1 form several different complexes whose composition depends on the type of cell and cellular stimuli. Thus, several scaffolding molecules including FADD, TRADD, MAVS, AZI2, TANK or TBKBP1/SINTBAD can be recruited to the TBK1-containing-complexes. Under particular conditions, functions as a NF-kappa-B effector by phosphorylating NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha/NFKBIA, IKBKB or RELA to translocate NF-Kappa-B to the nucleus. Restricts bacterial proliferation by phosphorylating the autophagy receptor OPTN/Optineurin on 'Ser- 177', thus enhancing LC3 binding affinity and antibacterial autophagy. Phosphorylates and activates AKT1. Seems to play a role in energy balance regulation by sustaining a state of chronic, low-grade inflammation in obesity, wich leads to a negative impact on insulin sensitivity. Attenuates retroviral budding by phosphorylating the endosomal sorting complex required for transport-I (ESCRT-I) subunit VPS37C. Phosphorylates Borna disease virus (BDV) P protein. .|
|Tissue Specificity||Ubiquitous with higher expression in testis. Expressed in the ganglion cells, nerve fiber layer and microvasculature of the retina. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Ser/Thr protein kinase family. I-kappa-B kinase subfamily.|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm . Upon mitogen stimulation or triggering of the immune system, TBK1 is recruited to the exocyst by EXOC2.|
|Alternative Names||Serine/threonine-protein kinase TBK1;220.127.116.11;NF-kappa-B-activating kinase;T2K;TANK-binding kinase 1;TBK1;NAK;|
|Research Areas|||signal transduction|protein phosphorylation|ser / thr kinases|other kinases| signal transduction|signaling pathway|nuclear signaling|nfkb pathway| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|nuclear signaling pathways||
Background for Serine/threonine-protein kinase TBK1
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-NAK Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse, By Heat|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-NAK Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
IHC(P): Rat Testis Tissue
IHC(P): Human Prostatic Cancer Tissue
All lanes: Anti TBK1 (PA2117) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: HELA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 2: Rat Testis Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 3: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Predicted bind size: 84KD
Observed bind size: 100KD
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,