Human GPNMB/Osteoactivin PicoKine™ ELISA Kit
|Size||96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).|
|Product Name||Human GPNMB/Osteoactivin PicoKine™ ELISA Kit|
|Storage & Handling||Store at 4°C for 6 months, at -20°C for 12 months. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles(Shipped with wet ice.)|
|Size||96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Description||Sandwich High Sensitivity ELISA kit for Quantitative Detection of Human GPNMB/Osteoactivin. 96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Cite This Product||Human GPNMB/Osteoactivin PicoKine™ ELISA Kit (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # EK1251)|
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA)..
Anticoagulant(s): heparin or EDTA
*The recommended anticoagulants are proven to not block the antibody binding sites on the target antigen. Please do not collect blood sample with other anticoagulants thata are not specified above or contact us to check for feasibility.
|Immunogen||Expression system for standard: NSO; Immunogen sequence: A22-P486|
|Cross Reactivity||There is no detectable cross-reactivity with other relevant proteins.|
|EK1251-CAP||96-well plate precoated with anti-Human GPNMB antibody||1|
|EK1251-ST||lyophilized recombinant Human GPNMB standard||10ng/tube|
|EK1251-DA||biotinylated anti-Human GPNMB antibody||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1103||Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase Complex(ABC)||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1106-1||sample diluent buffer||30ml|
|AR1106-2||antibody diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1106-3||ABC diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1104||TMB color developing agent||10ml|
|AR1105||TMB stop solution||10ml|
Materials Required But Not Provided
- Microplate reader in standard size.
- Automated plate washer.
- Adjustable pipettes and pipette tips. Multichannel pipettes are recommended in the condition of large amount of samples in the detection.
- Clean tubes and Eppendorf tubes.
- Washing buffer (neutral PBS or TBS).
- Preparation of 0.01M TBS: Add 1.2g Tris, 8.5g NaCl; 450μl of purified acetic acid or 700μl of concentrated hydrochloric acid to 1000ml H2
- Preparation of 0.01 M PBS: Add 8.5g sodium chloride, 1.4g Na O and adjust pH to 7.2-7.
Typical Data Obtained from Human GPNMB/Osteoactivin PicoKine™ ELISA Kit
(TMB reaction incubate at 37°C for 20-25min)
Intra/Inter Assay Precision
|Intra-Assay Precision||Inter-Assay Precision|
Three samples with differing target protein concentrations were assayed using four different lots to measure the CV% lot to lot variance.
To assay reproducibility, three samples with differing target protein concentrations were assayed using four different lots.
|Lots||Lot1 (pg/ml)||Lot2 (pg/ml)||Lot3 (pg/ml)||Lot4 (pg/ml)||Mean (pg/ml)||Standard Deviation||CV (%)|
*The typical data is obtained from Boster's internal QC result and for reference only. It may differ from the lab test results of the end users. It is more important that the user's lab test results reflect the same linearity demonstrated in the typical data than achieving exactly the same O.D. values.
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Transmembrane glycoprotein NMB|
|Tissue Specificity||Up-regulated in various cancer cells, including in glioblastoma multiforme. Expressed in many melanoma cells, as well as in tissue macrophages, including liver Kuppfer cells and lung alveolar macrophages, in podocytes and in some cells of the ciliary body of the eye (at protein level). Hardly detectable in healthy brain. .|
|Alternative Names||Transmembrane glycoprotein NMB;Transmembrane glycoprotein HGFIN;GPNMB;HGFIN, NMB;UNQ1725/PRO9925;|
|Subcellular Localization||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Melanosome. Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV. Detected at the cell surface in different types of cancers cells, including glioblastoma multiforme cells and most melanoma cell lines.|
|Molecular Weight||63923 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Could be a melanogenic enzyme. .|
|Background||Transmembrane glycoprotein NMB is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPNMB gene. In osteoblast progenitor cells, GPNMB works as a positive regulator of osteoblast differentiation during later stages of matrix maturation and mineralization that is mediated at least in part by BMP-2 in a SMAD1 dependent manner to promote osteoblast differentiation. GPNMB can enhance the repairing process in bone fracture, demonstrated by its high expression during chondrogenesis(soft callus) and osteogenesis(hard callus) compared to the intact femurs that is why Osteoactivin(OA) could be a novel therapeutic agent used to treat generalized osteoporosis or localized osteopenia during fracture repair by stimulating bone growth and regeneration. Similarly, GPNMB expression increases during osteoclast differentiation and it is functionally implicated in this process, possibly by promoting the fusion of osteoclast progenitor cells.|
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