|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Product Name||Anti-GAD65/GAD2 Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Glutamate decarboxylase 2(GAD2) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-GAD65/GAD2 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1403)|
|Contents/Buffer||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human GAD65(21-37aa ENPGTARAWCQVAQKFT), identical to the related mouse and rat sequences.|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Rat, Human, Mouse, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-GAD65 antibody, PA1403, Western blotting
Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Anti-GAD65 antibody, PA1403, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Rat Brain Tissue
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Glutamate decarboxylase 2|
|Alternative Names||Glutamate decarboxylase 2;184.108.40.206;65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase;GAD-65;Glutamate decarboxylase 65 kDa isoform;GAD2;GAD65;|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm, cytosol . Cytoplasmic vesicle . Cell junction, synapse, presynaptic cell membrane ; Lipid-anchor . Golgi apparatus membrane ; Peripheral membrane protein ; Cytoplasmic side . Associated to cytoplasmic vesicles. In neurons, cytosolic leaflet of Golgi membranes and presynaptic clusters.|
|Molecular Weight||65411 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Catalyzes the production of GABA.|
|Research Areas||Human, Mouse, Rat
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||Glutamate decarboxylase 2, also known as GAD65, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GAD2 gene. This gene encodes one of several forms of glutamic acid decarboxylase, identified as a major autoantigen in insulin-dependent diabetes. The enzyme encoded is responsible for catalyzing the production of gamma-aminobutyric acid from L-glutamic acid. A pathogenic role for this enzyme has been identified in the human pancreas since it has been identified as an autoantibody and an autoreactive T cell target in insulin-dependent diabetes. This gene may also play a role in the stiff man syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein.|
Other Recommended Resources
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Guaranteed product quality
We promise all of our products perform as described in datasheets.
Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugationA: Yes, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WBA: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugationA: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact email@example.com
Q: What should I use for negative control?A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signalA: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:<br>1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected<br>2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands <br><br>3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody. <br><br>4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.<br>5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher., <br>
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.
Q: What are some alternative names that could be used to describe this product?A: Some common names include but are not limited to gad antibody, gad 65 antibody, gad2 antibody