|Validated Species:||Human, Rat|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-PROM1/Cd133 Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Prominin-1(PROM1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-PROM1/Cd133 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2049)|
|Validated Species||Human, Rat|
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2018!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human PROM1(836-850aa MKNMENGNNGYHKDH), different from the related rat sequence by two amino acids, and from the related mouse sequence by three amino acids.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Molecular Weight||97202 MW|
|Protein Function||May play a role in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis (PubMed:24556617). Binds cholesterol in cholesterol- containing plasma membrane microdomains and may play a role in the organization of the apical plasma membrane in epithelial cells. During early retinal development acts as a key regulator of disk morphogenesis. Involved in regulation of MAPK and Akt signaling pathways. In neuroblastoma cells suppresses cell differentiation such as neurite outgrowth in a RET-dependent manner (PubMed:20818439). .|
|Tissue Specificity||Isoform 1 is selectively expressed on CD34 hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in adult and fetal bone marrow, fetal liver, cord blood and adult peripheral blood. Isoform 1 is not detected on other blood cells. Isoform 1 is also expressed in a number of non-lymphoid tissues including retina, pancreas, placenta, kidney, liver, lung, brain and heart. Found in saliva within small membrane particles. Isoform 2 is predominantly expressed in fetal liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, and heart as well as adult pancreas, kidney, liver, lung, and placenta. Isoform 2 is highly expressed in fetal liver, low in bone marrow, and barely detectable in peripheral blood. Isoform 2 is expressed on hematopoietic stem cells and in epidermal basal cells (at protein level). Expressed in adult retina by rod and cone photoreceptor cells (at protein level). .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the prominin family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Apical cell membrane ; Multi- pass membrane protein . Cell projection, microvillus membrane ; Multi-pass membrane protein . Cell projection, cilium, photoreceptor outer segment . Endoplasmic reticulum. Endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment. Found in extracellular membrane particles in various body fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid, saliva, seminal fluid and urine.|
|Alternative Names||Prominin-1;Antigen AC133;Prominin-like protein 1;CD133;PROM1;PROML1;MSTP061;|
Background for Prominin-1
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-PROM1/Cd133 Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, By Heat|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-PROM1/Cd133 Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Lane 1: PANC Cell Lysate
Lane 2: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 3: SW620 Cell Lysate
Lane 4: COLO320 Cell Lysate
Lane 5: A549 Cell Lysate
Electrophoresis was performed on a 5-20% SDS-PAGE gel at 70V (Stacking gel) / 90V (Resolving gel) for 2-3 hours. The sample well of each lane was loaded with 50ug of sample under reducing conditions.
Lane 1: rat liver tissue lysates,
Lane 2: mouse liver tissue lysates,
Lane 3: mouse lung tissue lysates,
Lane 4: rat brain tissue lysates.
After Electrophoresis, proteins were transferred to a Nitrocellulose membrane at 150mA for 50-90 minutes. Blocked the membrane with 5% Non-fat Milk/ TBS for 1.5 hour at RT. The membrane was incubated with rabbit anti- PROM1 antigen affinity purified polyclonal antibody (Catalog # PA2049) at 0.5 μg/mL overnight at 4°C, then washed with TBS-0.1%Tween 3 times with 5 minutes each and probed with a goat anti-rabbit IgG-HRP secondary antibody at a dilution of 1:10000 for 1.5 hour at RT. The signal is developed using an Enhanced Chemiluminescent detection (ECL) kit (Catalog # EK1002) with Tanon 5200 system. A specific band was detected for PROM1 at approximately 130KD. The expected band size for PROM1 is at 97KD.
IHC(P): Human Tonsil Tissue
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,