|Validated Species:||Human, Rat|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-TXNRD2/Trxr2 Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Thioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrial(TXNRD2) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-TXNRD2/Trxr2 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1903)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-166259|sc-365714|sc-46278|sc-46279|sc-67126 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2018!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human TXNRD2(418-434aa RHGQEHVEVYHAHYKPL), different from the related rat sequence by three amino acids, and from the related mouse sequence by two amino acids.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Thioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrial|
|Molecular Weight||56507 MW|
|Protein Function||Maintains thioredoxin in a reduced state. Implicated in the defenses against oxidative stress. May play a role in redox- regulated cell signaling.|
|Tissue Specificity||Highly expressed in the prostate, ovary, liver, testis, uterus, colon and small intestine. Intermediate levels in brain, skeletal muscle, heart and spleen. Low levels in placenta, pancreas, thymus and peripheral blood leukocytes. According to PubMed:10608886, high levels in kidney, whereas according to PubMed:9923614, levels are low. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the class-I pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Mitochondrion .|
|Alternative Names||Thioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrial;184.108.40.206;Selenoprotein Z;SelZ;TR-beta;Thioredoxin reductase TR3;TXNRD2;KIAA1652, TRXR2;|
|Research Areas|||cell biology|other antibodies|oxidative stress| metabolism|pathways and processes|redox metabolism||
Background for Thioredoxin reductase 2, mitochondrial
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-TXNRD2/Trxr2 Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Rat, By Heat|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-TXNRD2/Trxr2 Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Lane 1: Rat Kidney Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Ovary Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate
Lane 4: SMMC Cell Lysate
IHC(P): Human Lung Cancer Tissue
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,