|Validated Species:||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Application:||IHC, ICC, WB|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-VCP Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase(VCP) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-VCP Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA2137)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-21824|sc-20799|sc-374055|sc-9783|sc-133211|sc-133125|sc-133212|sc-57492|sc-136273|sc-82766 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Mouse, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
|Application||IHC, ICC, WB
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P), IHC(F) and ICC.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human VCP(749-766aa DNDIRKYEMFAQTLQQSR), identical to the related rat and mouse sequences.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase|
|Molecular Weight||89322 MW|
|Protein Function||Necessary for the fragmentation of Golgi stacks during mitosis and for their reassembly after mitosis. Involved in the formation of the transitional endoplasmic reticulum (tER). The transfer of membranes from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus occurs via 50-70 nm transition vesicles which derive from part-rough, part-smooth transitional elements of the endoplasmic reticulum (tER). Vesicle budding from the tER is an ATP-dependent process. The ternary complex containing UFD1L, VCP and NPLOC4 binds ubiquitinated proteins and is necessary for the export of misfolded proteins from the ER to the cytoplasm, where they are degraded by the proteasome. The NPLOC4-UFD1L-VCP complex regulates spindle disassembly at the end of mitosis and is necessary for the formation of a closed nuclear envelope. Regulates E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity of RNF19A. Component of the VCP/p97-AMFR/gp78 complex that participates in the final step of the sterol-mediated ubiquitination and endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of HMGCR. Also involved in DNA damage response: recruited to double-strand breaks (DSBs) sites in a RNF8- and RNF168-dependent manner and promotes the recruitment of TP53BP1 at DNA damage sites. Recruited to stalled replication forks by SPRTN: may act by mediating extraction of DNA polymerase eta (POLH) to prevent excessive translesion DNA synthesis and limit the incidence of mutations induced by DNA damage. Required for cytoplasmic retrotranslocation of stressed/damaged mitochondrial outer-membrane proteins and their subsequent proteasomal degradation. .|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the AAA ATPase family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm, cytosol. Endoplasmic reticulum. Nucleus. Present in the neuronal hyaline inclusion bodies specifically found in motor neurons from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. Present in the Lewy bodies specifically found in neurons from Parkinson disease patients. Recruited to the cytoplasmic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum via interaction with AMFR/gp78. Following DNA double-strand breaks, recruited to the sites of damage. Recruited to stalled replication forks via interaction with SPRTN.|
|Alternative Names||Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase;TER ATPase;188.8.131.52;15S Mg(2+)-ATPase p97 subunit;Valosin-containing protein;VCP;VCP;|
|Research Areas|||neuroscience|neurology process|neurodegenerative disease|parkinson's disease|synuclein| signal transduction|protein trafficking|er proteins| metabolism|pathways and processes|mitochondrial metabolism|mitochondrial markers||
Background for Transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-VCP Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Immunocytochemistry , 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat|
Immunohistochemistry(Frozen Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Rat, Human, Mouse
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-VCP Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
IHC(P): Rat Epinephros Tissue
IHC(P): Rat Intestine Tissue
IHC(P): Human Mammary Cancer Tissue
IHC(P): Rat Cerebellum Tissue
All lanes: Anti VCP (PA 2137) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 2: Rat Kidney Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 3: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 4: Rat Lung Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 5: HELA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 6: HL-60 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 7: A431 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 8: A549 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 9: SMMC Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Predicted bind size: 89KD
Observed bind size: 89KD
IHC(F): Rat Intestine Tissue
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,