|Validated Species:||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Data & Images
|Product Name||Anti-SMAD 1/2/3/5 Antibody|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1/2/3/5(SMAD1/2/3/5) detection. Tested with WB in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-SMAD 1/2/3/5 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1331)|
|Replacement Item||This antibody may replace the following items: sc-7965|sc-81378|sc-7965-X from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.|
|Validated Species||Human, Mouse, Rat|
*This antibody is predicted to react with the above species based on antigen sequence similarities. Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product with the above species.
*Our Boster Guarantee covers the use of this product in the above tested applications.
**For positive and negative control design, consult "Tissue specificity" under Protein Target Info.
|Recommended Detection Systems||Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot.
*Blocking peptide can be purchased at $50. Contact us for more information
**Boster also offers various secondary antibodies for Immunoflourescecne and IHC. Take advantage of the buy 1 primary antibody get 1 secondary antibody for free promotion for the entire year 2017!
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human SMAD1/2/3/5 (GPLQWLDKVLTQMGS), identical to the related mouse and rat sequences.|
|Cross Reactivity||No cross reactivity with other proteins|
|Contents||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.
*carrier free antibody available upon request.
|Concentration||Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.|
|Storage||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Purification||Immunogen affinity purified.|
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
You can check the tissue specificity below for information on selecting positive and negative control.
|Protein Name||Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1/2/3/5|
|Molecular Weight||52260 MW|
|Protein Function||Transcriptional modulator activated by BMP (bone morphogenetic proteins) type 1 receptor kinase. SMAD1 is a receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD). SMAD1/OAZ1/PSMB4 complex mediates the degradation of the CREBBP/EP300 repressor SNIP1. May act synergistically with SMAD4 and YY1 in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-mediated cardiac-specific gene expression. .|
|Tissue Specificity||Ubiquitous. Highest expression seen in the heart and skeletal muscle.|
|Sequence Similarities||Belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family.|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic in the absence of ligand. Migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. Co-localizes with LEMD3 at the nucleus inner membrane.|
|Alternative Names||Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1;MAD homolog 1;Mothers against DPP homolog 1;JV4-1;Mad-related protein 1;SMAD family member 1;SMAD 1;Smad1;hSMAD1;Transforming growth factor-beta-signaling protein 1;BSP-1;SMAD1;BSP1, MADH1, MADR1;|
|Research Areas|||signal transduction|signaling pathway|nuclear signaling|smads| epigenetics and nuclear signaling|nuclear signaling pathways| stem cells|tgf beta|cytoplasmic| cancer|growth factors|tgf|cancer metabolism|response to hypoxia| metabolism|pathways and processes|metabolism processes||
Background for Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1/2/3/5
Dilution Ratios/Recommended Concentrations
At Boster we strive to provide the best Anti-SMAD 1/2/3/5 Antibody by testing all applications on non-spiked tissues and cell lines to ensure that the affinity of the antibody is enough to react to the endogenouse level of the target protein. Read more about our QC panel here.
|Recommended dilution ratios are listed below:|
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse|
**Boster provides high sensitivity secondary antibody kits for Western blotting and IHC. For more info see Related Products below.
Anti-SMAD 1/2/3/5 Antibody Images
Click the images to enlarge.
Lane 1: Rat Heart Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Skeletal Muscle Tissue Lysate
Lane 3: Rat Kidney Tissue Lysate
Lane 4: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 5: MM453 Cell Lysate
Lane 6: MM231 Cell Lysate
Lane 7: HELA Cell Lysate
Lane 8: SMMC Cell Lysate
Lane 9: SW620 Cell Lysate
1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,