|Product Name||Anti-GAD65/GAD2 Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Glutamate decarboxylase 2(GAD2) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-GAD65/GAD2 Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1403)|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the N-terminus of human GAD65(21-37aa ENPGTARAWCQVAQKFT), identical to the related mouse and rat sequences.|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Rat, Human, Mouse, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P).
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-GAD65 antibody, PA1403, Western blotting
Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Lane 2: Rat Brain Tissue Lysate
Anti-GAD65 antibody, PA1403, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Rat Brain Tissue
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Glutamate decarboxylase 2|
|Alternative Names||Glutamate decarboxylase 2;18.104.22.168;65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase;GAD-65;Glutamate decarboxylase 65 kDa isoform;GAD2;GAD65;|
|Subcellular Localization||Cytoplasm, cytosol . Cytoplasmic vesicle . Cell junction, synapse, presynaptic cell membrane ; Lipid-anchor . Golgi apparatus membrane ; Peripheral membrane protein ; Cytoplasmic side . Associated to cytoplasmic vesicles. In neurons, cytosolic leaflet of Golgi membranes and presynaptic clusters.|
|Molecular Weight||65411 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Catalyzes the production of GABA.|
|Research Areas||Metabolic Signaling Pathways, Metabolism, Neurology Process, Neuroscience, Neurotransmitter, Pathways And Processes
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||Glutamate decarboxylase 2, also known as GAD65, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GAD2 gene. This gene encodes one of several forms of glutamic acid decarboxylase, identified as a major autoantigen in insulin-dependent diabetes. The enzyme encoded is responsible for catalyzing the production of gamma-aminobutyric acid from L-glutamic acid. A pathogenic role for this enzyme has been identified in the human pancreas since it has been identified as an autoantibody and an autoreactive T cell target in insulin-dependent diabetes. This gene may also play a role in the stiff man syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein.|
Other Recommended Resources
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1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected
2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands
3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody.
4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.
5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher.,