|Size||96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA).|
|Product Name||Human APP / Amyloid Precursor Protein PicoKine™ ELISA Kit|
|Storage & Handling||Store at 4°C for 6 months, at -20°C for 12 months. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles(Shipped with wet ice.)|
|Size||96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Description||Sandwich High Sensitivity ELISA kit for Quantitative Detection of Human APP. 96wells/kit, with removable strips.|
|Cite This Product||Human APP / Amyloid Precursor Protein PicoKine™ ELISA Kit (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # EK0658)|
|Sample Type||cell culture supernates, cell lysates, serum and plasma (heparin, EDTA)..
Anticoagulant(s): heparin or EDTA
*The recommended anticoagulants are proven to not block the antibody binding sites on the target antigen. Please do not collect blood sample with other anticoagulants thata are not specified above or contact us to check for feasibility.
|Immunogen||Expression system for standard: NSO; Immunogen sequence: L18-L688|
|Cross Reactivity||There is no detectable cross-reactivity with other relevant proteins.|
|EK0658-CAP||96-well plate precoated with anti-Human APP antibody||1|
|EK0658-ST||lyophilized recombinant Human APP standard||20ng/tube|
|EK0658-DA||biotinylated anti-Human APP antibody||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1103||Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase Complex(ABC)||130ul(dilution 1:100)|
|AR1106-1||sample diluent buffer||30ml|
|AR1106-2||antibody diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1106-3||ABC diluent buffer||12ml|
|AR1104||TMB color developing agent||10ml|
|AR1105||TMB stop solution||10ml|
Materials Required But Not Provided
- Microplate reader in standard size.
- Automated plate washer.
- Adjustable pipettes and pipette tips. Multichannel pipettes are recommended in the condition of large amount of samples in the detection.
- Clean tubes and Eppendorf tubes.
- Washing buffer (neutral PBS or TBS).
- Preparation of 0.01M TBS: Add 1.2g Tris, 8.5g NaCl; 450μl of purified acetic acid or 700μl of concentrated hydrochloric acid to 1000ml H2
- Preparation of 0.01 M PBS: Add 8.5g sodium chloride, 1.4g Na O and adjust pH to 7.2-7.
Typical Data Obtained from Human APP / Amyloid Precursor Protein PicoKine™ ELISA Kit
(TMB reaction incubate at 37°C for 15-20min)
Intra/Inter Assay Precision
|Intra-Assay Precision||Inter-Assay Precision|
Three samples with differing target protein concentrations were assayed using four different lots to measure the CV% lot to lot variance.
To assay reproducibility, three samples with differing target protein concentrations were assayed using four different lots.
|Lots||Lot1 (pg/ml)||Lot2 (pg/ml)||Lot3 (pg/ml)||Lot4 (pg/ml)||Mean (pg/ml)||Standard Deviation||CV (%)|
*The typical data is obtained from Boster's internal QC result and for reference only. It may differ from the lab test results of the end users. It is more important that the user's lab test results reflect the same linearity demonstrated in the typical data than achieving exactly the same O.D. values.
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Amyloid beta A4 protein|
|Tissue Specificity||Expressed in all fetal tissues examined with highest levels in brain, kidney, heart and spleen. Weak expression in liver. In adult brain, highest expression found in the frontal lobe of the cortex and in the anterior perisylvian cortex- opercular gyri. Moderate expression in the cerebellar cortex, the posterior perisylvian cortex-opercular gyri and the temporal associated cortex. Weak expression found in the striate, extra- striate and motor cortices. Expressed in cerebrospinal fluid, and plasma. Isoform APP695 is the predominant form in neuronal tissue, isoform APP751 and isoform APP770 are widely expressed in non- neuronal cells. Isoform APP751 is the most abundant form in T- lymphocytes. Appican is expressed in astrocytes. .|
|Alternative Names||Amyloid beta A4 protein;ABPP;APPI;APP;Alzheimer disease amyloid protein;Cerebral vascular amyloid peptide;CVAP;PreA4;Protease nexin-II;PN-II;N-APP;Soluble APP-alpha;S-APP-alpha;Soluble APP-beta;S-APP-beta;C99;Beta-amyloid protein 42;Beta-APP42;Beta-amyloid protein 40;Beta-APP40;C83;P3(42);P3(40);C80;Gamma-secretase C-terminal fragment 59;Amyloid intracellular domain 59;AICD-59;AID(59);Gamma-CTF(59);Gamma-secretase C-terminal fragment 57;Amyloid intracellular domain 57;AICD-57;AID(57);Gamma-CTF(57);Gamma-secretase C-terminal fragment 50;Amyloid intracellular domain 50;AICD-50;AID(50);Gamma-CTF(50);C31;APP;A4, AD1;|
|Subcellular Localization||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Membrane, clathrin-coated pit. Cell surface protein that rapidly becomes internalized via clathrin-coated pits. During maturation, the immature APP (N-glycosylated in the endoplasmic reticulum) moves to the Golgi complex where complete maturation occurs (O-glycosylated and sulfated). After alpha-secretase cleavage, soluble APP is released into the extracellular space and the C-terminal is internalized to endosomes and lysosomes. Some APP accumulates in secretory transport vesicles leaving the late Golgi compartment and returns to the cell surface. Gamma-CTF(59) peptide is located to both the cytoplasm and nuclei of neurons. It can be translocated to the nucleus through association with APBB1 (Fe65). Beta-APP42 associates with FRPL1 at the cell surface and the complex is then rapidly internalized. APP sorts to the basolateral surface in epithelial cells. During neuronal differentiation, the Thr-743 phosphorylated form is located mainly in growth cones, moderately in neurites and sparingly in the cell body. Casein kinase phosphorylation can occur either at the cell surface or within a post-Golgi compartment. Associates with GPC1 in perinuclear compartments. Colocalizes with SORL1 in a vesicular pattern in cytoplasm and perinuclear regions.|
|Molecular Weight||86943 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Functions as a cell surface receptor and performs physiological functions on the surface of neurons relevant to neurite growth, neuronal adhesion and axonogenesis. Involved in cell mobility and transcription regulation through protein-protein interactions. Can promote transcription activation through binding to APBB1-KAT5 and inhibits Notch signaling through interaction with Numb. Couples to apoptosis-inducing pathways such as those mediated by G(O) and JIP. Inhibits G(o) alpha ATPase activity (By similarity). Acts as a kinesin I membrane receptor, mediating the axonal transport of beta-secretase and presenilin 1. Involved in copper homeostasis/oxidative stress through copper ion reduction. In vitro, copper-metallated APP induces neuronal death directly or is potentiated through Cu(2+)-mediated low-density lipoprotein oxidation. Can regulate neurite outgrowth through binding to components of the extracellular matrix such as heparin and collagen I and IV. The splice isoforms that contain the BPTI domain possess protease inhibitor activity. Induces a AGER- dependent pathway that involves activation of p38 MAPK, resulting in internalization of amyloid-beta peptide and leading to mitochondrial dysfunction in cultured cortical neurons. Provides Cu(2+) ions for GPC1 which are required for release of nitric oxide (NO) and subsequent degradation of the heparan sulfate chains on GPC1. .|
|Background||Amyloid precursor protein(APP) is an integral membrane protein expressed in many tissues and concentrated in the synapses of neurons. Its primary function is not known, though it has been implicated as a regulator of synapse formation, neural plasticity and iron export. APP is best known and most commonly studied as the precursor molecule whose proteolysis generates beta amyloid(Abeta), a 39- to 42-amino acid peptide whose amyloid fibrillar form is the primary component of amyloid plaques found in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients. APP undergoes posttranslational proteolytic processing by alpha-, beta-, and gamma-secretases. Alpha-secretase generates soluble amyloid protein, while beta- and gamma-secretases generate APP components with amyloidogenic features. These 2 processing pathways are mutually exclusive.|
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The 1XTBS can be used if the pH value falls in the range of 7.2-7.6.
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